Mylau

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Mylau
Coat of arms of Mylau
Coat of arms
Mylau   is located in Germany
Mylau
Mylau
Coordinates: 50°37′N 12°16′E / 50.617°N 12.267°E / 50.617; 12.267Coordinates: 50°37′N 12°16′E / 50.617°N 12.267°E / 50.617; 12.267
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Vogtlandkreis
Government
 • Mayor Christoph Schneider (CDU)
Area
 • Total 4.73 km2 (1.83 sq mi)
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,699
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 08499
Dialling codes 03765
Vehicle registration V
Website www.mylau.de

Mylau is a town in the Vogtlandkreis district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany with 2912 citizens. It is situated in the valleys of the Göltzsch river and the Raumbach, a stream flowing from Reichenbach im Vogtland that is locally known as the Soap Stream (German: Seifenbach) because of the textile painting factories that had been built by its banks. The town lies 6 km southeast of Greiz, and 20 km southwest of Zwickau.

Panorama of Mylau

History[edit]

In the 14th century, a settlement was built at the foot of Mylau Castle (1180). Emperor Charles IV granted town privileges in 1376. Until late in the 17th century, the town was reasonably insignificant; in 1650 it was composed of only 24 houses. It then grew rapidly because of a rise of manual weaving craftsmanship in the area, which facilitated the rapid development of the textile industry in the 19th century.

Population growth (as of 1960, the poll date is December 31):

  • 1706: 900
  • 1834: 2393
  • 1871: 4449
  • 1890: 6353
  • 1910: 7957
  • 1925: 7166
  • 1933: 7375
  • 1939: 6986
  • 1946: 7562
  • 1950: 7234
  • 1960: 6668
  • 1964: 6393
  • 1971: 6087
  • 1990: 3658
  • 1998: 3364
  • 1999: 3328
  • 2000: 3316
  • 2001: 3202
  • 2002: 3119
  • 2003: 3080
  • 2004: 3013
  • 2005: 2979
  • 2007: 2889
  • 2008: 2878
  • 2009: 2858
Data before 1998: Digitales Historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen
Data since 1998: Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen

Sites of interest[edit]

Mylau Castle was built in 1180 at the place where the Raumbach flows into the Göltzsch river, and is still intact. One kilometer to the northwest of the town the world-famous Göltzsch Viaduct crosses the Göltzsch valley. Also worth visiting is the city church St. Wenzel established in 1890, which includes a Gottfried Silbermann organ built in 1730/1731).

See also[edit]

References[edit]