n-body choreography

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An n-body choreography is a periodic solution to the n-body problem in which all the bodies are equally spread out along a single orbit.[1] The term was originated in 2000 by Chenciner and Montgomery.[1][2][3] One such orbit is a circular orbit, with equal masses at the corners of an equilateral triangle; another is the figure-8 orbit, first discovered numerically in 1993 by Cristopher Moore[4] and subsequently proved to exist by Chenciner and Montgomery. Choreographies can be discovered using variational methods,[1] and more recently, topological approaches have been used to attempt a classification in the planar case[5]


  1. ^ a b c Vanderbei, Robert J. (2004). "New Orbits for the n-Body Problem". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1017: 422–433. arXiv:astro-ph/0303153free to read. Bibcode:2004NYASA1017..422V. doi:10.1196/annals.1311.024. PMID 15220160. 
  2. ^ Simó, C. [2000], New families of Solutions in N-Body Problems, Proceedings of the ECM 2000, Barcelona (July, 10-14).
  3. ^ "A remarkable periodic solution of the three-body problem in the case of equal masses". The original article by Alain Chenciner and Richard Montgomery. Annals of Mathematics, 152 (2000), 881–901.
  4. ^ "Braids in classical dynamics". Moore's numerical discovery of the figure-8 choreography using variational methods. Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3675.
  5. ^ Montaldi, James; Steckles, Katrina. "Classification of symmetry groups for planar n-body choreographies". arXiv:1305.0470free to read. 

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