Cornwall Airport Newquay
Ayrborth Tewynblustri Kernow
RAF St Mawgan
|Operator||Cornwall Airport Ltd.|
|Serves||Newquay and Cornwall|
|Location||Mawgan in Pydar, Cornwall|
|Elevation AMSL||390 ft / 119 m|
Cornwall Airport Newquay (IATA: NQY, ICAO: EGHQ) is the main commercial airport for Cornwall, England. At Mawgan in Pydar, 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) northeast of the major town of Newquay on Cornwall's north coast, its runway was operated by RAF St Mawgan before 2008 and is now owned by Cornwall Council.
In 2017, the airport handled 461,300 passengers, a 24.2% increase compared with 2016. Newquay has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The Cornwall Air Ambulance is based at the airport. Since 2012, the airport has hosted the Aerohub enterprise zone.
The runway is able to take the largest and fastest of civil and military aircraft, having been built and maintained for decades as an RAF maritime operations base. The US Navy were present with the USN AWD storage facility and Joint Maritime Facility. With the end of the Cold War and changes in American political priorities, the Americans pulled out of all involvement with the base by the end of 2009. The last RAF flying squadron based at St Mawgan was 203(R) Squadron which moved out in 2008, but the RAF continue to use part of the site.
The airfield was opened in 1933 as a civilian facility, but was requisitioned at the outbreak of World War II and named RAF Trebelzue to support other bases in the Cornwall area. The base was renamed RAF St Mawgan 1943, after expansion. The facility was then handed to the USAAF and a number of improvements took place, including the building of a new control tower and expansion of the current runway. The airfield was put under maintenance in 1947, and reopened as a Coastal Command base in 1951.
Since 1951, the base has seen various squadrons based; including 22 Sqn., 203 Sqn. 220 Sqn. (later renamed 201), 228 Sqn. (later renamed 206), both Long Range Reconnaissance Squadrons, 42 Sqn., 7 Sqn., 2625 Sqn (Royal Auxiliary Air Force) and 1 Sqn. (RAF Regiment). 2625 Sqn was disbanded on 1 November 2006, whilst 1 Sqn relocated to RAF Honington. The others relocated or closed. In 2005, RAF St Mawgan was one of the bases shortlisted to house the new Joint Combat Aircraft (JCA) in 2013, but in November 2005 it was announced by Minister of State for the Armed Forces Adam Ingram that the operation would be based from Scotland. Helicopter maintenance (HMF) also ceased here in late 2006.
Flying operations at RAF St Mawgan (on the opposite side of the runway to the civil terminal) ceased in December 2008.
Transition to fully civilian airport
In 2006 the airport introduced a £5 per passenger airport development fee, payable by all departing passengers via an ATM type machine prior to passing security. This resulted in Monarch Airlines axing its route from the airport (to Málaga) and Ryanair reducing the number of flights, though this was later restored. In 2015, it was announced that the £5 development fee would be scrapped in March 2016.
In 2008 the airport closed from 1 to 19 December, to allow time for the takeover of the airfield navigation services (i.e. Air Traffic Control) from RAF St Mawgan and to fully meet CAA standards. Following further inspections by the CAA, flights recommenced on 20 December 2008.
By virtue of a recent Statutory Instrument issued on 22 September 2009, Newquay Airport is subject to current airport bylaws, per Section 63 of the Airports Act 1986.
An extension opened in 2006 increased the terminal's size by 20%, allowing the airport to handle up to 450,000 passengers a year. In January 2008, Cornwall County Council approved plans for an expanded arrivals hall and departure lounge; a new retail outlet; a business lounge and new airfield structures. In May 2008, the new arrivals and baggage reclaim area was opened, allowing domestic and international flights to simultaneously be processed unlike the old arrivals hall. This also added a gate to the departures lounge.
The expansion of the airport was criticised in 2007 by a number of environmental groups. This opposition was based not only on environmental concerns (given that the majority of flights are short-haul and to destinations that could be served by rail), but also socio-economic concerns that airport expansion would lead to a greater demand for second homes in Cornwall, adding to already inflated local house prices.
Civil airport operation
In 2006 the Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair pulled out of the airport, ceasing flights to London Stansted and Girona-Costa Brava Airport. In November 2008, Newquay Airport released their draft master plan, outlining their plans for the airport until 2030.
In July 2011, the airport's main carrier, Air Southwest, announced the end of all flights from Newquay with effect 30 September 2011, leaving the airport with only three year-round scheduled routes.
In May 2013, Flybe announced they would cease flying to Gatwick, leaving Newquay with year-round flights to just the Isles of Scilly and Manchester. On 2 December 2013, Flybe announced they had agreed a deal with Newquay which would secure the future of the Gatwick route until the end of October 2014, so that a public service obligation (PSO) subsidy could be finalized. Under the new deal Flybe would operate two daily flights, with the afternoon service being dropped.
In April 2016, Ryanair returned to the airport after the £5 development fee was scrapped. 
Aerohub enterprise zone
In August 2011, the UK government announced that the airport's bid to host an enterprise zone for aerospace businesses had been successful. The Aerohub enterprise zone was launched in April 2012. In September 2014, the UK's Homes and Communities Agency and the European Regional Development Fund agreed to fund the construction of a £6 million Aerohub Business Park. Organisations attracted to Aerohub by 2014 included Classic Air Force and the Bloodhound Supersonic Car project.
From 29 March 2013, Classic Air Force has operated from the airport using a variety of aircraft, including the world's oldest flying British jet aircraft and the only flying Gloster Meteor T7. Since April 2013, it has also operated a museum in the 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) Hangar 404, which was previously used to service the Hawker Siddeley Nimrods of RAF St Mawgan. It has now (April 2017) closed, though some of its exhibits remain elsewhere on the airfield under different ownership.
Testing of Bloodhound at speeds of over 200 miles per hour (320 km/h) was performed on the runway in 2017 in preparation for a 500 miles per hour (804 km/h) test run on its new specially created race track at Hakskeen Pan, South Africa in 2019, leading to an attempt on the land speed record in the future.
Potential future uses
In September 2013, the National Aeronautical Centre (NAC) at Aberporth Airport announced it would use Newquay as its second airport for testing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The NAC said it was attracted by the length of the runway and the facilities of Aerohub. The test flights would require 3,000 square miles (7,800 km2) of segregated airspace over the sea. In March 2015, the airport reported that the establishment of this segregated area had not yet been agreed with the Department for Transport, who stated that negotiations with international bodies to create an appropriate regulatory framework for UAVs were still taking place.
In July 2014, Newquay was one of eight airports shortlisted by the Civil Aviation Authority as a possible site for a UK commercial spaceport. The shortlist was reduced to six airports in March 2015, with Newquay still a candidate. The selection process was abandoned in May 2016.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Newquay:
|Aer Lingus Regional|| Dublin |
|Eurowings||Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart|
|Flybe|| Leeds/Bradford, London–Gatwick (ends 30 March 2019), London–Heathrow (begins 31 March 2019), London–Southend (begins 1 April 2019), Manchester |
Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast–City, Birmingham, Doncaster/Sheffield, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Newcastle upon Tyne
|Isles of Scilly Skybus||St Mary's|
|Ryanair|| Alicante |
|Scandinavian Airlines||Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 28 June 2019)|
2016 / 17
2015 / 16
|9||Doncaster Sheffield||11,255||New route|
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Media related to Newquay Cornwall Airport at Wikimedia Commons