Näcip Ğayaz ulı Cihanov — Tatar Cyrillic: Нәҗип Гаяз улы Җиһанов, pronounced [næˈʑip ɣʌˌjɑzuˈlɯ ʑiˈhɑnəf]; Russian: Нази́б Гая́зович Жига́нов; anglicised as Najip Jihanov or, more usually, Nazib Gayazovich Zhiganov — was a Tatar composer, teacher and statesman. He was born on 15 January [O.S. 2 January] 1911 in Uralsk; he died on 2 June 1988.
Cihanov wrote eight operas (notably Altınçäç and Cälil), three ballets, 15 symphonies, other symphonic works (Qırlay, Suite on Tatar Themes, Näfisä, Symphonic novellas, and Symphonic Songs among them), the cantata Republic of Mine (1960), camera-instrumental compositions, and romances and songs.
Granted the titles of People's Artist of the USSR (1957) and Hero of Socialist Labour (1981), Cihanov served as artistic leader of the Tatar Opera and Ballet from 1941 to 1943, chairman of Tatarstan's Composers Union from 1939 to 1977, and rector of Kazan Conservatory from 1945 to 1988. He was made professor in 1953; Kazan Conservatory was renamed in his honor in 2000. Importantly, Cihanov was one of the founders of the State Symphony Orchestra of Tatarstan. In his capacity as statesman, he served as a deputy in the Supreme Soviet of RSFSR (1951–1959), the Tatar ASSR (1963–1967, 1977–1988), and indeed the Soviet Union (1966–1970).
- Qaçqın (1939)
- İrek (1940) "Freedom"
- Altınçäç (1941) "The golden-haired girl"
- İldar (1942)
- Tüläk (1945)
- Namus (1950) "Honour"
- Cälil (1957) based on the life of poet Musa Cälil.
References and notes
- Slonimsky, Nicolas (1978). "Zhiganov, Nazib". Baker's Biographical dictionary of musicians. (6th ed.). New York: Schirmer Books. p. 1944. ISBN 0-02-870240-9.
- "Ирек" ("Свобода", 1940)
- Russian transliteration "Алтынчеч", Russian title "Золотоволосая", lyrics by Musa Cälil
- Russian transliteration "Намус" (Russian title "Честь")
- "Джалиль" (1957, либр. А. Файзи). Article in Russian
- (in Tatar) "Näcip Cihanov/Нәҗип Җиһанов". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.
|This article on a Russian composer is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|