Fergany was born on August 20, 1944, in Giza. He obtained his bachelors degree in 1963 at the faculty of Economics and Political science of Cairo University. He continued his study at the University of North Carolina and received his Ph.D. there in 1970.
He effectuated research for a great number of Egyptian and international institutes. He is advisor for many Arab and international organizations, like the National Planning Institute, the National Population Council, the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics and the American University, all in Cairo. Furthermore, he did research for the Arab Institute for Training and Research in Statistics in Baghdad, the Arab Planning Institute in Kuwait and St Antony's College in Oxford in the UK.
Fergany is the principal author of the Arab Human Development Report of 2002. This report was honored in 2003 with a Prince Claus Award from the Netherlands and was the first of a series of reports in this field that followed in subsequent years. These reports were labored by a great number of scientists. Furthermore, he published (selection):
- 1974: An introduction to demographic analysis
- 1975: The relationship between fertility level and societal development: And implications for planning to reduce fertility: an exercise in macro-statistical modelling
- 1981: The role of Egyptian labour in the construction sector in Kuwait
- 1987: Differentials in labour migration, Egypt (1974-1984)
- 1981: Monitoring the condition of the poor in the third world: Some aspects of measurement
- 2001: Human development and the acquisition of advanced knowledge in Arab countries : the role of higher education, research and technological development
- Fergany, Nader (1970) On the macro-dynamic stochastic treatment of the size and age structure of a human population[permanent dead link] (his thesis in North Carolina]
- El Amrani, Issandr (22 december 2004) Interview with the AHDR's Nader Fergany
- Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, resume
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina, biography Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior, "biography". Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-12.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Prince Claus Award (2003) Jury report