Naenara (browser)

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Naenara run in Red Star OS
Naenara run in Red Star OS
Developer(s)Korea Computer Center
Initial release2013; 6 years ago (2013) (version 3.5)[1]
Development statusUnmaintained[1]
Operating systemRed Star OS 2.0, Red Star OS 2.5, Red Star OS 3.0, Windows[2]
Included withRed Star OS
Available inKorean (North Korean standard)
TypeIntranet browser

Naenara is a North Korean intranet web browser software developed by the Korea Computer Center for use of the national Kwangmyong intranet. It is developed from a version of Mozilla Firefox and is distributed with the Linux-based operating system Red Star OS that North Korea developed due to licensing and security issues with Microsoft Windows.[3]


Naenara is a modified version of Mozilla Firefox. Naenara is the only software distributed with the Red Star OS that is not named after its functionality.[4] Red Star OS and Naenara were developed by the Korea Computer Center that states on its web page that it seeks to develop Linux-based software for use.[5]

Naenara can be used to browse approximately 1,000 to 5,500 websites in the national Kwangmyong intranet.[6]

In 2010 Russia Today reported that Mozilla's Firefox website successfully recognized Naenara, and offered downloads for the latest Korean language version of Firefox for i686.[4]

When Naenara is run, it tries to contact an IP address at[1] The default search engine for the browser is Google Korea.[4][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hansen, Robert (8 January 2015). "North Korea's Naenara Web Browser: It's Weirder Than We Thought". Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  2. ^ Owen Williams (8 January 2015). "Hands on with North Korea's homegrown operating system, Red Star". Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b Bernhard Seliger; Stefan Schmidt. The Hermit Kingdom Goes Online: Information Technology, Internet Use and Communication Policy in North Korea. McFarland. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4766-1770-1.
  4. ^ a b c "North Korea's "secret cyber-weapon": brand new Red Star OS". Russia Today. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Korea Computer Center". Korea Computer Center. 2014. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014.
  6. ^ Matthew Sparkes (23 December 2014). "Internet in North Korea: everything you need to know". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 November 2015.

External links[edit]