Nannophrys guentheri

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Nannophrys guentheri
Nannophrys guentheri.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dicroglossidae
Genus: Nannophrys
Species:
N. guentheri
Binomial name
Nannophrys guentheri
Boulenger, 1882

Nannophrys guentheri (Gunther's streamlined frog) is an extinct species of frog in the family Dicroglossidae. It was endemic to Sri Lanka. The species was first identified in 1882 by George Boulenger and named after the German-born British zoologist Albert Günther. It is not known where in Sri Lanka the specimens were found.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Nannophrys guentheri has not been observed since the type specimens were collected. These are poorly preserved and might not be distinct from Nannophrys ceylonensis.[2] Genus Nannophrys used to be placed in the large frog family Ranidae but a phylogenetic study was undertaken using DNA sequences and it is now included in the family Dicroglossidae.[3]

Description[edit]

Nannophrys guentheri was a small species, with snout to vent length given as 28.5 mm for males.[4]

Vomerine teeth are in two indistinct groups behind the choanae (the inner part of the nostrils). Lower jaw has slight traces of bony prominences in front. Head is rather small and not bony. Snout is short, rounded, with angular canthus rostralis. Interorbital space is narrower than the upper eyelid and tympanum is not distinctly defined.[5]

First finger is shorter than second and the difference of length between the first and second fingers is much greater than that between the second and third. The tips of fingers are pointed, while the toes have a short, but very distinct web at the base. Subarticular tubercles of fingers and toes are not well developed: inner metatarsal tubercle is elongate and rather indistinct while there is no outer tubercle. The hind limb being carried forwards along the body the tibiotarsal articulation reaches the tip of the snout. Skin is strongly tubercular above and smooth beneath. A fold of the skin unites the posterior edges of the upper eyelids, and extends from the eye, over the tympanum and to the shoulder. Upper parts are brown and marbled with darker colour. The upper lip and the sides of body and limbs have small light spots ; the hind limbs are cross-barred. The underside of the frog is uniform whitish. Males have two internal vocal sacs.[5]

The longer hind limbs and the smaller head give this species a much more slender appearance than the related Nannophrys ceylonensis: the proportions of the fingers are also important differences between the two species.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Manamendra-Arachchi, K. & de Silva, A. 2004. Nannophrys guentheri. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.3. Downloaded on 7 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Nannophrys guentheri Boulenger, 1882". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  3. ^ Vences, M.; Wanke, S.; Odierna, G.; Kosuch, J.; Veith, M. (2000). "Molecular and karyological data on the south Asian ranid genera Indirana, Nyctibatrachus and Nannophrys (Anura: Ranidae)" (PDF). Hamadryad. 25 (2): 75–82.
  4. ^ "Nannophrys guentheri". AmphibiaWeb. 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
  5. ^ a b c Boulenger, G. A. (1882). Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia s. Ecaudata in the collection of the British Museum. 2d ed. pp. 115–116.

Further reading[edit]

  • Clarke, B. T (1983). "A morphological re-examination of the frog genus Nannophrys (Anura: Ranidae) with comments on its biology, distribution and relationships". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 79 (4): 377–398. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1983.tb01171.x.

 This article incorporates text from Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia s. Ecaudata, by George Albert Boulenger, a publication from 1882 now in the public domain in the United States.