National Cyber Coordination Centre

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The National Cyber Coordination Centre is an operational cybersecurity and e-surveillance agency in India. It is intended to screen communication metadata and co-ordinate the intelligence gathering activities of other agencies. Some have expressed concern that the body could encroach on Indian citizens' privacy and civil-liberties, given the lack of explicit privacy laws in the country.[1]

Components of the National Cyber Coordination Centre include a cybercrime prevention strategy, cybercrime investigation training, review of outdated laws, etc. Indian and U.S. intelligence agencies are also working together to curb misuse of social media platforms in the virtual world by terror groups.[2][3][4]

Background[edit]

The National Cyber Coordination Centre is an e-surveillance and cybersecurity project of Government of India.[5][6] The National Cyber Coordination Centre has been classified to be a project of Indian government without a legal framework which may be counterproductive as it may violate civil liberties and human rights.[1]

The National Cyber Coordination Centre may be abused for indulging in mass surveillance in India, privacy violation and civil liberty violations as agencies like NTRO[clarification needed] and organisations like the National Security Council Secretariat are exempted from the applicability of any transparency law like Right to Information Act.[1][7] Mass surveillance in India is not new as India already has e-surveillance projects like Aadhaar, Central Monitoring System,[8] NATGRID, and DRDO NETRA.

Many, including legal experts,[9][10] in India believe that intelligence agencies and their e-surveillance projects require parliamentary oversight.[11][12][13]

Motivation[edit]

India has no dedicated Cyber-security regulation and is also not well prepared to deal with cyberwarfare.[14] However, India has formulated the National Cyber Security Policy 2013 which is not yet implemented.[15] The National Cyber Coordination Centre's purpose would be to help the country deal with malicious cyber-activities by acting as an Internet traffic monitoring entity that can fend off domestic or international attacks.[16][17]

Status[edit]

The National Cyber Coordination Centre received an in principle approval in May 2013 and would come under the National Information Board.[18] In September 2014, Indian government discussed to establish it.[19] In November 2014 Rs. 1,000 crore has been allotted to improve Indian cybersecurity. From this Rs. 800 crore would be utilised for National Cyber Coordination Centre purposes.[20]

On 9 August, in response to a question, minister of State P.P. Chaudhary mentioned that Phase-1 of the National Cyber Coordination Centre is now operational.[21]

Similar projects[edit]

Projects similar in nature:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India's cyber protection body pushes ahead". Hindustan Times. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Cyber Crime Prevention Strategy will be Strengthened: Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh". Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Panel proposes axing 73 more obsolete laws". Times Of India. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Indo-US Intelligence Team to End Virtual Terrorism". Indian Express. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b "India gets ready to roll out cyber snooping agency". The Hindu. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  6. ^ "India Sets Up Domestic PRISM-Like Cyber Surveillance?". The Diplomat. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Exempted Organisations From Applicability Of Right to Information Act 2005". CIC Online. 26 September 2005. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Big Brother is listening". The Telegraph. 21 April 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Big Brother Must Not Overstep the Limits". Tehelka. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  10. ^ "The trouble with big brother's eye". Tehelka. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  11. ^ "Time for parliamentary oversight over intelligence agencies". Deccan Herald. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Take steps to make intelligence agencies accountable to Parliament: Team Anna". Times Of India. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Spooks Under Scrutiny". India Today. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  14. ^ "India Unprepared For Cyber Warfare". Business Insider. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  15. ^ "National Cyber Security Policy-2013". Department Of Electronics And Information Technology. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  16. ^ "India to Beef Up National Cyber Defense". Softpedia News. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Govt plans to set up Rs 800 crore cyber intelligence centre". Firstbiz. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  18. ^ "Centre to shield India from cyber attacks proposed". Hindustan Times. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  19. ^ "Super cyber intelligence body soon, announces IT Minister". The Hindu. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  20. ^ "Rs 1,000 cr set aside for cyber shield". Business Standard. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  21. ^ "Minister's response in the Lok Sabha to a question on the operationalization of the NCCC" (PDF). Lok Sabha.
  22. ^ "Big brother is watching you?". Hindustan Times. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  23. ^ "Is India about to gets its own PRISM?". Index On Censorship. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Defence Ministry's new spy system 'Netra' soon to be launched". Iamwire. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2014.