Netherlands Open Air Museum
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Houses from the Zaan region
|President||Jeroen van der Veer|
The Netherlands Open Air Museum (Dutch: Nederlands Openluchtmuseum) is an open-air museum and park located near Arnhem with antique houses, farms and factories from different parts of the Netherlands. The Netherlands Open Air Museum is a national museum focusing on the culture associated with the everyday lives of ordinary people.
The museum was founded in 1912 and is situated in the woods near Arnhem. The museum park is 44 hectares in area and includes buildings from various places and historical periods.
In 1987, the Dutch government was primed to shut down the museum, but in a demonstration of solidarity for the historic museum, Dutch crowds flooded the museum's doors, hoping to view the exhibits before they closed. The museum was allowed to remain open due to its unprecedented success during this time and was given greater autonomy over its organization. The museum also has a collection of historical clothing and jewellery. New indoor exhibition space was built in 1999–2000. The museum won the European Museum of the Year Award in 2005.
On site at the museum there are re-enactors demonstrating the old way of life. Among these demonstrations are paper production, linseed production, and beer brewing.
The heritage tram line opened in the museum in 1996. The line is 1750 m long, standard gauge. It has classic electric trams from Amsterdam, Arnhem, Rotterdam, and The Hague. The pride of the museum's line is a replica of an Arnhem tram from 1929, the GETA 76, which was constructed by the museum.
German border crossing from WWI, part of the Wire of Death
Some research is done on-site at the Open Air Museum for the dating and conservation of materials acquired. The Multimedia Library of the museum contains pictures, slides, diagrams, videos, and audio recordings documenting Dutch folk life. They also work in tandem with the Foundation for Historical Farm Research (SHBO), the Working Party for Farmyards Foundation (SWB), and the Centre for Documentation and Information on Regional Dress (SDI) in their research on folk culture.
- (in Dutch) 509.000 Bezoekers voor Openluchtmuseum Archived 2015-05-02 at the Wayback Machine (press release), Netherlands Open Air Museum, 2013. Retrieved on 28 June 2014.
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