National Hunt flat race
National Hunt Flat races were created on 15 July, 1891 when a conference between the stewards of the British and Irish National Hunt Committees decided to abolish the distinction between the hunter and handicap horses and created a new amalgamated rule:
In modern days the National Hunt Flat races are designed for horses who have not previously ran under any other form of racing except National Hunt flat or French AQPS races and in Great Britain are restricted to horses aged 7 years or less. They are used by trainers to give horses experience on a racecourse before beginning a career in Jumps Racing. Because of the lack of fences and hurdles, the horses sometimes run faster; however the low quality of many of these races, and that horses are only taking part to gain experience, often results in a slow pace. Bumpers are typically put at the end of a race meeting and such races are notorious for being difficult to predict the winner. The vast majority of National Hunt meetings in Ireland include a bumper. They are run much less frequently in Britain.
The term 'bumper' arose because in the past only amateur riders were allowed to compete and had an ungainly bumping style in comparison to the professionals. 
Bumpers are most commonly run over distances of 13 - 20 furlongs.
- "National Hunt Committee". Freeman's Journal. 18 July 1891. Retrieved 20 November 2015.(Subscription required.)
- "Sporting News". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 20 July 1891. Retrieved 20 November 2015.(Subscription required.)
- "The Rules of Racing". British Horseracing Authority. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- "Tower Knowe may win at Carlisle". Aberdeen Journal. 30 June 1948. Retrieved 20 November 2015.(Subscription required.)
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