National Youth Service (Zimbabwe)
The National Youth Service is a programme of the Zimbabwean government for Zimbabweans of ages 10 to 30. It was authorized by the 1979 National Service Act, passed by the government of Zimbabwe Rhodesia, and established in 2001 under the presidency of Robert Mugabe. Its stated purpose is to "transform and empower youths for nation building through life skills training and leadership development." The National Youth Service has been condemned in the West and in Africa for gross human rights violations on behalf of the ZANU-PF party. Within Zimbabwe the graduates of the service are known pejoratively as green bombers after the fatigue uniforms they wear  and more recently as the Youth Brigade. 
The service claims to instill in young Zimbabweans a sense of national identity and patriotism. While it proposes to unite people above party lines, it also promotes wariness of "foreign influence and intervention" in national politics. The opposing view, both inside Zimbabwe and abroad, holds that the service indoctrinates its members with absolute loyalty to ZANU-PF and trains them for military operations to enforce its dominance. The government plans to make the program mandatory for all youths.
According to an opposition group, members of the youth service are taught exclusively from ZANU-PF campaign materials and speeches. These include an anthology of Mugabe's speeches titled Inside the Third Chimurenga. The speeches glorify Mugabe's land reform programme and ZANU-PF leaders Border Gezi and Chenjerai Hunzvi. They accuse the Movement for Democratic Change of seeking a return to white rule.
Conditions in the service training facilities are reported to include poor construction, frequent hunger and sexual abuse of girls and women.
- National Service Act 1979, Government of Zimbabwe
- "MPs horrified at Zim youth camps - report". IOL. 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- NYS Director. "National Youth Service". Ministry of Youth Development and Employment Creation. Archived from the original on 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Meldrum, Andrew (2003-02-19). "Living in fear of Mugabe's green bombers". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Modondo, Obert (2003-02-19). "The problem of youth in Mugabe's Zimbabwe". Africa Files. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- Makamure, Lucia (2008-02-15). "Kunonga Holed Up in Anglican Cathedral". Zimbabwe Independent. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- "Police state". Mail & Guardian. 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Thompson, Ginger (2003-04-15). "Mugabe's Recruits Flee Brutal Zimbabwean Past". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Ranger, Terence (June 2004). "Nationalist historiography, patriotic history and the history of the nation: the struggle over the past in Zimbabwe" (PDF). Journal of Southern African Studies. 30 (2): 215. doi:10.1080/0305707042000215338. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
- Solidarity Peace Trust (2003-09-05). "National Youth Service Training" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-02.