Neblina uakari

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Neblina uakari[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Pitheciidae
Genus: Cacajao
Species:
C. hosomi
Binomial name
Cacajao hosomi
Boubli et al., 2008
Neblina Uakari area.png
     species range
Synonyms

Cacajao melanocephalus melanocephalus

The Neblina uakari (Cacajao hosomi) or black-headed uakari, is a newly described species of monkey from the far northwest Brazilian Amazon and adjacent southern Venezuela.[2] It was found by Jean-Phillipe Boubli of the University of Auckland and described together with the more easterly distributed Aracá uakari in 2008.[1] Until then, the black-headed uakari (found to the west and south of the Neblina uakari) was the only species of mainly black uakari that was recognized.[3]

The English name of the Neblina uakari refers to the Pico da Neblina, which marks the approximate center of its known distribution. Several years before it was realized it represented an undescribed species (and not "just" black-headed uakaris), it was studied in the Pico da Neblina National Park in Brazil.[4] When combined with the adjacent Serranía de la Neblina National Park in Venezuela, a significant part of this uakaris distribution is within protected areas.[2]

It has well coordinated travel established through constant calling, allowing a group to spread 200 to 300 meters.[5]

Females produce one offspring, typically in March and April coinciding with the fruiting season.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Boubli, J. P.; M. N. F. da Silva; M. V. Amado; T. Hrbek; F. B. Pontual & I. P. Farias (2008). "A taxonomic reassessment of black uakari monkeys, Cacajao melanocephalus group, Humboldt (1811), with the description of two new species". International Journal of Primatology. 29 (3): 723–749. doi:10.1007/s10764-008-9248-7.
  2. ^ a b c Boubli, J.-P. & Veiga, L.M. (2008). "Cacajao hosomi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T136640A4321414. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136640A4321414.en. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  3. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  4. ^ Boubli, J. P. (1994). The black uakari monkey in the Pico da Neblina National Park. Neotropical Primates 2(3): 11-12.
  5. ^ Boubli, J. P. (1999). Feeding ecology of black-headed uakaris (Cacajao melanocephalus melanocephalus) in the Pico de Neblina National Park, Brazil. International Journal of Primatology 20: 719-749.
  6. ^ Boubli, J. P. (1997). Ecology of the black uacari monkey Cacajao melanocephalus melanocephalus in the Pico de Neblina National Park, Brazil. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Californiaq, Berkely, 218 pp.