Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital
|Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades|
|Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris|
|Location||149, rue de Sèvres,
|Care system||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris|
|Affiliated university||University of Paris|
The Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades (Necker Hospital – Sick Children) is a French teaching hospital in central Paris. It is a hospital of the Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris group and is affiliated to the University of Paris Descartes. It was the first paediatric hospital in the world.
The Necker Hospital was founded in 1778 by Madame Necker, born Suzanne Curchod, mother of Madame de Stael and wife of Jacques Necker, minister of Louis XVI. It is devoted to medicine and surgery in adults.
The Hôpital des Enfants Malades (Hospital for Sick Children), not to be confused with the foundling hospital, the Hôpital des Enfants Trouvés, was created by the Conseil général des Hospices (General Hospices Council) in January 1801 to help manage the health and social structures of Paris. With the aim of reorganising the hospital, the Council proposed a new classification based on the common distinction between hospitals and special hospitals and announced the creation of a hospital "for the children of both sexes under the age of fifteen years" (4 December 1801). The newly-formed Hôpital des Enfants Malades opened in June 1802 on the site of the previous orphanage hospital Hôpital de l'Enfant Jésus ("Baby Jesus hospital"). It was the first paediatric hospital in the Western world.
The two physically contiguous hospitals were merged in 1920, but the Necker division continued to care for adults and Enfants malades for children.
Among eminent physicians working at the Hôpital des Enfants Malades were Auguste Chaillou, Eugène Bouchut, Director Jacques-Joseph Grancher), Director Victor Henri Hutinel), Eugène Apert and Édouard Kirmisson.
- Ballbriga, Angel (1991). "'One century of pediatrics in Europe (section: development of pediatric hospitals in Europe)'". In Nichols, Burford L. et al. (eds). History of Paediatrics 1850–1950. Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series 22. New York, NY: Raven Press. pp. 6–8. ISBN 0-88167-695-0.
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