Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital

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Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades
Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
Laennec memorial, Necker Hospital, Paris 1.jpg
Location 149, rue de Sèvres,
Paris 15,
Care system Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Paris
Emergency department Yes.
Beds 600
Speciality Children's hospital
Founded 1778

The Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades (Necker Hospital – Hospital for sick children) is a French teaching hospital, located in Paris, France. It is a hospital of the Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris group, and is affiliated to the University of Paris Descartes. It is historically the first paediatric hospital in the world.


The Necker Hospital was founded in 1778 by Madame Necker, born Suzanne Curchod, mother of Madame de Stael and wife of Jacques Necker, Minister of Louis XVI. It is devoted to medicine and surgery in adults.

The Hôpital des Enfants Malades (Hospital for sick children)[1] was created by the Conseil général des Hospices (General Hospices council) in January 1801, to help manage the health and social structures of Paris. With the aim of reorganising the hospital, the Council proposed a new classification based on the common distinction between hospitals and special hospitals, and announced the creation of a hospital "for the children of both sexes under the age of fifteen years" (4 December 1801). The newly formed Hôpital des Enfants Malades opened in June 1802, on the site of the previous orphanage hospital Hôpital de l'Enfant Jésus ("Baby Jesus hospital"). This was the first paediatric hospital in the Western world.[2]

These two physically contiguous hospitals were merged in 1920, but the Necker division continued to care for adults and Enfants malades for children.

The French physician René Laennec invented the stethoscope in 1816 while working at the Hôpital Necker.

Among eminent physicians who worked at the Hôpital des Enfants Malades were Auguste Chaillou, Eugène Bouchut, Jacques-Joseph Grancher, Director 1885–1907), Victor Henri Hutinel, Director 1907– ), Eugène Apert (working 1919–34), Edouard Francis Kirmisson


The Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital is located in the center of Paris, France (149, rue de Sèvres, 75015, Paris).


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Not to be confused with the foundling hospital, the Hôpital des Enfants Trouvés.
  2. ^ Ballbriga, Angel (1991). "'One century of pediatrics in Europe (section: development of pediatric hospitals in Europe)'". In Nichols, Burford L. et al. (eds). History of Paediatrics 1850–1950. Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series 22. New York, NY: Raven Press. pp. 6–8. ISBN 0-88167-695-0. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′42″N 2°18′56″E / 48.84500°N 2.31556°E / 48.84500; 2.31556