Negusie v. Holder

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Negusie v. Holder
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued November 5, 2008
Decided March 3, 2009
Full case name Daniel Girmai Negusie, Petitioner v. Eric H. Holder, Jr., Attorney General
Citations 555 U.S. 511 (more)
129 S.Ct. 1159; 2008 US LEXIS 2444
Prior history Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
Subsequent history 231 Fed. Appx. 325, reversed and remanded.
Holding
The BIA and Fifth Circuit misapplied Fedorenko as mandating that whether an alien is compelled to assist in persecution is immaterial for persecutor-bar purposes.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Kennedy, joined by Roberts, Scalia, Souter, Ginsburg, Alito
Concurrence Scalia, joined by Alito
Concur/dissent Stevens, joined by Breyer
Dissent Thomas
Laws applied
Refugee Act of 1980

Negusie v. Holder, 555 U.S. 511 (2009), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court involving whether the bar to asylum in the United States for persecutors applies to asylum applicants who have been the target of credible threats of harm or torture in their home countries for refusing to participate further in persecution. The petitioner, Daniel Negusie, claimed he was forced to assist in the mistreatment of prisoners in Eritrea under threat of execution, and that because any assistance he rendered was provided under duress he should still be eligible for asylum.

The Court held that the Board of Immigration Appeals and United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit erred in their interpretation of the Court's holding in Fedorenko v. United States (1981) when they evaluated Negusie's asylum petition, as they presumed that an alien's claimed coercion to participate in persecution was immaterial to determining whether the "persecutor bar" applies.

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