Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research
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|Purpose||Dutch research council|
|Headquarters||The Hague, Netherlands, Utrecht, Netherlands|
Chairman Governing Board
|500 million euros|
The Dutch Research Council (NWO Dutch: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek) is the national research council of the Netherlands. NWO funds thousands of top researchers at universities and institutes and steers the course of Dutch science by means of subsidies and research programmes. NWO promotes quality and innovation in science. NWO is an independent administrative body under the auspices of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. The organisation receives about 400 million euros per year, of which approximately 300 million comes directly from the ministry. NWO directs the 300 million budget toward Dutch universities and institutes, often on a project basis. Also, the NWO has its own institutes. Nijmegen professor Stan Gielen is president of NWO as of October 2016. Former NWO presidents include Peter Nijkamp en Jos Engelen.
NWO is also known for the annual Spinoza and Stevin Prizes,
The council was established in 1950 as Nederlandse Organisatie voor Zuiver-Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (ZWO). This organisation did not focus on applied research; the research organization TNO was established for that purpose. In 1988 ZWO was renamed as NWO and was given the broader mission. On 1 January 2018 the former FOM institutes AMOLF, ARCNL, DIFFER and Nikhef and the over 200 university workgroups from the former FOM projects merged with the other NWO institutes (NWO-I): ASTRON, CWI, NIOZ, NSCR and SRON.
The NWO signed the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities in May 2005.
NWO's core task is performed in the NWO domains, research institutes and regional bodies: encouraging quality and innovation in the sciences. The NWO domains organise the programmes and the research funding. Both the Executive Board and the NWO Domain Boards have the competence to allocate public funding for scientific research.
- NWO Domain Science (ENW)
- NWO Domain Applied and Engineering Sciences (AES)
- NWO Domain Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH)
Health Research and Development is managed by ZonMw. WOTRO Science for Golbal Development is a domain intersecting initiative.
NWO-I, Institutes Organisation of NWO
NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, works closely with the NWO domains and encompasses 9 institutes. The office of NWO-I supports all institutes.
- AMOLF Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics
- Advanced Research Center for Nanolithography (ARCNL)
- ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy
- Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)
- DIFFER (Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research)
- Nikhef Dutch National Institute for Subatomic Physics
- Royal Netherlands Institute of Sea Research (NIOZ)
- Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR)
- SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research
The institute Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS, in cooperation with KNAW) and Netherlands eScience Center, in cooperation with SURF are also part of NWO.
Temporary Task Forces
The Temporary Task Forces have a semi-permanent status. They collaborate with industry experts in order to accelerate the development of promising technologies.
- National Initiative Brain & Cognition (NIHC)
- Netherlands Initiative for Education Research (NRO)
- Taskforce for Applied Research (NRPO-SIA)
- Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)
- Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO)
- Open access in the Netherlands