Human Rights Commission (New Zealand)
|Te Kāhui Tika Tangata|
|Independent Crown Entity overview|
The Human Rights Commission (Māori: Te Kāhui Tika Tangata) is the national human rights institution (NHRI) for New Zealand, and operates as an Independent Crown Entity, and independent from direction by Cabinet.
The Commission was formed in 1977, and currently functions under the mandate of the Human Rights Act 1993. The Office of the Race Relations Conciliator was consolidated with the Human Rights Commission by an amendment to the Human Rights Act in 2001. The Commission's primary functions are to "advocate and promote respect for, and an understanding and appreciation of, human rights in New Zealand society, and to encourage the maintenance and development of harmonious relations between individuals and among the diverse groups in New Zealand society".
The Commission's functions include providing a dispute resolution service for complaints of unlawful discrimination, and racial or sexual harassment. The Commission's current chair is David Rutherford. The other commissioners are Dame Susan Devoy (Race Relations Commissioner), Dr Jackie Blue (EEO Commissioner), Paul Gibson (Disability Rights Commissioner), and two part time Commissioners, Karen Johansen and Richard Tankersley; Jeremy Pope served until his death in August 2012.
- Dame Susan Devoy (2013 – present)
- Joris de Bres (2002 – 2013)
- Gregory Fortuin (2001 – 2002)
- Dr Rajen Prasad (1995 – 2000)
- John Clarke (1992 – 1995)
- Chris Laidlaw (1989 – 1992)
- Walter Hirsh (1986 – 1989)
- Hiwi Tauroa (1980 – 1986)
- Harry Dansey (1975 – 1979)
- Sir Guy Powles (1972 – 1973)
The Commission is one of some 70 NHRIs accredited by the International Co-ordinating Committee of NHRIs (ICC), a body sponsored by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). The Commission's "A status" accreditation allows it special access to the United Nations human rights system, including speaking rights at the Human Rights Council and other committees. The Commission has presented parallel reports ("shadow reports") to several UN treaty committees examining New Zealand's compliance with international human rights instruments. From 2010 to 2012 the Commission chaired the ICC, and the Asia Pacific Forum of NHRIs, one of four regional sub-groups of NHRIs.
Review of human rights
In 2010 the Commission conducted a publicly available review of human rights in New Zealand in order to both identify the areas in which New Zealand does well, and where it could do better to combat persistent social problems. The 'report card' is an update of the Commissions' first report in 2004, and will lead its work for the next five years. The report notes steady improvements in New Zealand's human rights record since 2004, but also "the fragility of some of the gains and areas where there has been deterioration." In the report, the Commission identifies thirty priority areas for action on human rights in New Zealand under a number of sections: general; civil and political rights; economic, social and cultural rights; and rights of specific groups.
- Section 5(1), Human Rights Act 1993, New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office
- "Race Relations Conciliators Interviewed". scoop.co.nz. 2006. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
The first Conciliator, Sir Guy Powles, was appointed in December 1971 and held the post for 18 months. He was succeeded by Harry Dansey. Subsequent Conciliators have been Hiwi Tauroa, Walter Hirsh, Chris Laidlaw, John Clarke, Rajen Prasad, Gregory Fortuin and Joris de Bres. The current Race Relations Commissioner is Susan Devoy.
- "Race Relations Commissioners and Conciliators mark significant anniversary". Human Rights Commission. 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "Race Relations Commissioner Dame Susan Devoy". 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "Joris de Bres // New Zealand Human Rights Commission". hrc.co.nz. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
Joris de Bres has been New Zealand’s Race Relations Commissioner since 2002. He was previously General Manager, External Relations in the Department of Conservation and head of industrial relations for the New Zealand Public Service Association.
- "RELATIONS CONCILIATOR OF NEW ZEALAND". un.org. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
Statement by Gregory Fortuin, Race Relations Conciliator
- "Race Relations Conciliator Gregory Fortuin - South Africans". Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. teara.govt.nz. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
With a mixed racial African and Afrikaner background, Gregory Fortuin, shown here in 2001, grew up near Cape Town. Classified as a ‘coloured’, he experienced discrimination under the apartheid regime. He took his family to live in Australia in 1986, and arrived in New Zealand in 1991. He was New Zealand’s race relations conciliator from 2001 to 2002.
- "G21 ASIA - 'Fortuin's Challenge'". generator21.net. 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
he took up the post as New Zealand Race Relations Conciliator, in succession to Rajen Prasad , on May 1st,
- "Massey News | Honouring Hiwi Tauroa". massey.ac.nz. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- "Inmagic DB/Text WebPublisher PRO: 1 records". aucklandcity.govt.nz. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
FIRST MAORI PRINCIPAL of a SECONDARY SCHOOL Thought to be Mr Edward Te Rangihiwinui Tauroa of Wesley College, Paerata.
- "Powles, Guy Richardson - Biography - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". teara.govt.nz. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
Government confidence in the office became such that the ombudsman’s responsibilities were extended to cover hospital boards and education authorities (1968) and territorial and other local government authorities (1975). From 1971 to 1973 Powles was also race relations conciliator. He undertook special inquiries into the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (SIS) and the Auckland maximum security prison at Paremoremo. Designated chief ombudsman in 1975, he retired on 5 April 1977. In September 1976 the International Ombudsman Conference, meeting at Edmonton, Canada, carried a unanimous vote of appreciation and respect for Sir Guy Powles. From May to October 1978 he was resident consultant at the International Ombudsman Institute in Edmonton.
- "Human Rights in New Zealand 2010". Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Human Rights in New Zealand 2010, Human Rights Commission