Newcastle Airport

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Newcastle International Airport
NewcastleAirport.svg
Newcastle International Airport - geograph.org.uk - 971041.jpg
IATA: NCLICAO: EGNT
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Newcastle Airport Local Authority Holding Company Ltd (51%), AMP Capital (49%).
Operator Newcastle International Airport Ltd
Serves Tyne and Wear
County Durham
Cumbria
North Yorkshire
Northumberland
Location Woolsington, Newcastle upon Tyne
Elevation AMSL 266 ft / 81 m
Coordinates 55°02′17″N 001°41′23″W / 55.03806°N 1.68972°W / 55.03806; -1.68972Coordinates: 55°02′17″N 001°41′23″W / 55.03806°N 1.68972°W / 55.03806; -1.68972
Website newcastleairport.com
Map
EGNT is located in Tyne and Wear
EGNT
EGNT
Location in Tyne and Wear
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,329 7,641 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 4,562,853
Passenger change 14-15 Increase1.0%
Aircraft Movements 55,
Movements change 14-15 Decrease5.4%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Newcastle International Airport (IATA: NCLICAO: EGNT) is an international airport located near the main area of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] north-west of the city centre. In 2015 it was the 10th busiest airport in the United Kingdom and the second busiest in Northern England after Manchester Airport, handling over 4.5 million passengers.[2] Newcastle Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P725) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

Ownership[edit]

The airport is owned by seven local authorities (51%) and AMP Capital (49%). The seven local authorities are: City of Newcastle, City of Sunderland, Durham County Council, Gateshead MBC, North Tyneside MBC, Northumberland County Council and South Tyneside MBC. On 27 October 2012 Copenhagen Airport sold the stake in the airport to AMP Capital, which is an Australian-based Investment Management Company.[citation needed]

Area served[edit]

The airport mainly serves the City of Newcastle, the greater Tyneside area, Northumberland and Wearside. The airport competes with the smaller Durham Tees Valley Airport for passengers travelling from and to County Durham and Teesside. Passengers from Cumbria, North Yorkshire and southern Scotland also use the airport, the nearest similar sized airport being Leeds Bradford Airport to the south and the larger Edinburgh and Glasgow International airports to the north. In terms of passenger numbers, Newcastle is the second largest airport in the North of England, after Manchester Airport.

History[edit]

Newcastle Airport in 1972

Early years[edit]

The Airport was opened on 26 July 1935 as Woolsington Aerodrome by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Phillip Cunliffe-Lister. Incorporating a clubhouse, hangar, workshops, fuel garage and grass runway, at the time it cost £35,000 to build.[3]

Although during World War II the main airport in the region was located at Cramlington in Northumberland, following the war a decision was taken to concentrate development on the present airport site.[citation needed] Accordingly, in the early 1950s, ex-RAF fighter pilot Jim Denyer was appointed as Airport Manager and within a few years over 5,000 people were using the Airport each year to travel to destinations such as Jersey and the Isle of Wight.[citation needed]

The 1960s saw tremendous growth in passenger numbers at the airport.[citation needed] This was mainly due to British people taking foreign holidays to places such as Spain instead of holidaying within the UK. A new runway was built, along with an apron and a new air traffic control tower. These new additions were opened by the then-Prime Minister, Harold Wilson.

In the 1970s, with passenger figures approaching one million per year, the Airport status was changed to Category B, making it a regional international airport, in the same decade it was re-branded as Newcastle Airport. The 80's saw further investment in check-in, catering and duty-free shops. In 1991, Airport Metro station opened, connecting the airport with Newcastle city centre using the Tyne and Wear Metro system. A new £27 million extension was opened in 2000 by then-Prime Minister Tony Blair and the first low-cost airline arrived at the airport, with Go inaugurating a service to London Stansted following the collapse of locally based Gill Airways.[citation needed]

Development since the 2000s[edit]

Main hall

In 2001 the SAS Group announced that an agreement had been concluded to increase its holding in Spanair from 49% to 74% of the shares.[4]

In August 2004 an extended and refurbished Departure Terminal was opened. The refurbishment comprised a 3,000 square metre extension which included new shops, cafes and 1,200 new waiting seats.[5]

In 2006 a record 5.4 million passengers used the Airport, according to Civil Aviation Authority figures.[6]

Rapid expansion in passenger traffic has led to increasing commercial utilization of the south-side of the airport, which was previously used for general aviation, and is now used for freight, mail and corporate flights. This is partially due to difficulties obtaining departure and arrival slots for light aircraft traffic, which need to be separated from larger aircraft to protect against wake turbulence. As part of the Airport Master Plan, the south-side area is to be expanded with maintenance facilities including new hangar and apron areas.[7]

In August 2016, United Airlines announced to terminate their seasonal route from Newark to Newcastle by 6 September 2016 stating economic reasons.[8] Therefore, Newcastle Airport lost one of its two only long-haul services.

Cargo and Freight facilities[edit]

Newcastle Airport Freight Village is located south to the Airport and bases Emirates SkyCargo, FedEx, Servisair Cargo and North East Air Cargo company offices to deal with freight such as mail and cargo to export and import goods to and from Newcastle and across the world. It also houses Freight Forwarding Agents such as; Camair, DHL, Kintetsu World Express, Kuehne & Nagel, Nippon Express, Schenker International, Davis Turner Air Cargo and Universal Forwarding.

In April 2016 Emirates reported that Flown exports have soared to £310m a year since the arrival of the Emirates service from Newcastle to Dubai. The Dubai route contributes some £600m to the economy and has opened unlimited export avenues to North East firms, some of whom have opened offices in the UAE.

On the southern cargo apron is where all the cargo planes are based and loaded including the Jet2 737 (quick change) aircraft which goes over every night, has the seats shipped out on pallet's and filled full of post before it is flown down to East Midlands (on behalf of Royal Mail) and back again with the seats refilled, ready for the mornings flight. It also houses West Atlantic and more.

Other airport facilities[edit]

The Airport is also home to the Newcastle Airport Fire Academy.[9][10] The Newcastle Aviation Academy is also located within this area.

When Gill Airways existed, its head office was in the New Aviation House, on the airport property.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Cork, Dublin
Air France
operated by CityJet
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
BMI Regional Brussels, Stavanger
British Airways London-Heathrow
Citywing
operated by Van Air Europe
Isle of Man
Eastern Airways Aberdeen, Cardiff
easyJet Alicante, Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Belfast-International, Bristol, Faro, Geneva, Málaga, Malta
Seasonal: Corfu, Jersey, Nice, Gran Canaria,[12] Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South, Split, Rhodes
Emirates Dubai-International
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Düsseldorf
Flybe Exeter, Southampton
Seasonal: Newquay
Jet2.com Alicante, Gran Canaria, Kraków, Lanzarote, Málaga, Funchal, Prague, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almeria (begins 2 May 2017), Antalya, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enfidha, Faro, Fuerteventura, Girona, Grenoble (begins 23 December 2016),[13] Heraklion, Ibiza, Larnaca, Malta, Mahón, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa, Reus, Rhodes, Rome-Fiumicino, Zakynthos
KLM Amsterdam
Ryanair Alicante, Dublin, Gdańsk, Lanzarote, Málaga, Tenerife-South,[14] Warsaw-Modlin, Wroclaw[15]
Seasonal: Faro (begins 26 March 2017), Girona (resumes 28 March 2017), Madrid (begins 27 March 2017), Palma de Mallorca (begins 26 March 2017)[16]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Ivalo
Thomas Cook Airlines Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Sharm el-Sheikh (resumes 15 April 2017),[17] Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almeria (begins 29 May 2017), Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Mahón, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos (resumes 2 May 2017), Reus, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Thomson Airways Alicante, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Sharm el-Sheikh (resumes 6 November 2017),[18] Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancún, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enfidha, Faro, Geneva Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Montego Bay, Mahón, Naples, Orlando/Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Turin, Zakynthos
Vueling Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Glasgow, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Royal Mail
operated by West Atlantic
London-Stansted
Royal Mail
operated by Jet2.com
East Midlands

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • 30 November 2000 - A Piper Aerostar registered N64719 en route to Iceland crashed close to Fearnoch, on the north side of Loch Tay in Perthshire, killing the single crewmember. The aircraft had departed from Newcastle Airport. The accident report concluded that the aircraft gradually lost airspeed during an icing encounter, before stalling and the pilot losing control.[19]
  • 11 February 2004 - A Robinson R22 Beta lost height while in a hover taxi and impacted the ground causing major damage to the aircraft and minor injuries to the pilot and passenger.[20]
  • 5 August 2008 - A Royal Air Force Tornado GR4A overran the runway making an emergency landing after suffering a bird strike. The crew were uninjured although the aircraft suffered damage.[21]
  • 25 May 2009 - A Rockwell Commander 112 registered G-FLPI veered off the runway while landing. The nosewheel collapsed, the propeller and fuselage suffered damage, but the pilot was uninjured.[22]
  • 25 November 2010 - A Boeing 737-800 registered G-FDZR stopped on the paved surface but with the nosewheel 10 ft beyond the marked runway end. The runway was reported to have a covering of 2 mm of wet snow.
  • 5 December 2015 - A Embraer ERJ 145 registered G-CGWV left wing touched the runway surface during a night landing in gusty wind conditions. Damage to the left wingtip and aileron was found after the flight. The crew were uninjured although the aircraft suffered damage.

Statistics[edit]

The airport saw significant growth in the ten years to 2007, when passenger numbers peaked at 5.65 million, more than double the number handled ten years earlier. Passenger numbers declined in the subsequent four years due to the financial crisis of 2007–2010, with around 4.5 million passengers passing through the airport in 2015 (below the 2004 total), although cargo volumes have broadly increased to record levels since 2005.[2]

Traffic figures[edit]

Thomson Airways Boeing 737 at Newcastle Airport in 2014
British Airways Airbus A321 bound for London Heathrow
Newcastle Airport's control tower
RAF Tornado at Newcastle Airport
Newcastle Airport Passenger Totals 1997-2015 (millions)
Updated: 10 April 2016.[2]
Number of passengers[nb 1]
Number of movements[nb 2]
Freight
(tonnes)[2]
Mail
(tonnes)[2]
1997 2,642,591 81,279 1,219 3,489
1998 2,984,724 81,299 678 3,631
1999 2,994,051 79,291 776 3,409
2000 3,208,734 82,940 526 3,720
2001 3,431,393 82,524 783 2,859
2002 3,426,952 79,173 1,438 2,368
2003 3,920,204 75,113 924 2,576
2004 4,724,263 77,721 799 7,756
2005 5,200,806 77,882 199 7,820
2006 5,431,976 81,655 306 7,884
2007 5,650,716 79,200 785 8,483
2008 5,039,993 72,904 1,938 10,901
2009 4,587,883 69,254 2,597 9,758
2010 4,356,130 66,677 3,650 9,062
2011 4,346,270 64,521 3,059 8,532
2012 4,366,196 61,006 2,956 7,929
2013 4,420,839 59,962 3,701 6,512
2014 4,516,739 59,114 4,450 4,738
2015 4,562,853 55,950 3,717 4,633

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes to and from Newcastle Airport (2014)[2]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2013 / 14
1 London Heathrow 478,806 Steady0
2 Belfast International 196,738 Increase2
3 Bristol 174,461 Steady0
4 London Gatwick 105,336 Increase29
5 Southampton 99,501 Increase9
6 Aberdeen 30,168 Decrease2
7 Belfast City 28,882 Decrease31
8 Jersey 14,720 Decrease18
9 Exeter 12,844 Decrease57
10 Cardiff 11,778 Decrease6
11 Birmingham 8,305 Increase4
12 Isle of Man 4,573 Decrease5
13 Newquay 2,406 Steady0
Busiest international routes to and from Newcastle Airport (2015)[2]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2014 / 15
1 Amsterdam 380,012 Increase4
2 Alicante 234,633 Increase1
3 Dubai 233,489 Increase8
4 Palma de Mallorca 227,063 Decrease8
5 Dublin 198,492 Increase10
6 Tenerife South 174,716 Decrease5
7 Málaga 169,855 Decrease5
8 Paris Charles de Gaulle 153,870 Increase2
9 Dalaman 126,517 Decrease6
10 Faro 110,283 Decrease9
11 Lanzarote 95,399 Increase6
12 Ibiza 75,704 Decrease1
13 Barcelona 66,279 Decrease1
14 Sharm el-Sheikh 49,521 Decrease14
15 Corfu 47,123 Increase15
16 Paphos 46,336 Decrease3
17 Mahon 39,537 Decrease3
18 Las Palmas 37,801 Decrease22
19 Murcia 28,799 Decrease30
20 Enfidha 21,192 Decrease53

Ground transport[edit]

Airport Metro Station

Metro[edit]

Airport station on the Tyne and Wear Metro is directly connected to the terminal through an indoor walkway. The station is the northern terminus of the green line with frequent direct services to all the main Newcastle and Sunderland City Centre Metro Stations (approx 20 and 50 minutes respectively).

Road transport[edit]

The Airport is connected to the A1 trunk road by the A696 dual carriageway. A half-hourly bus service links the Airport to the nearby villages of Ponteland and Darras Hall, as well as to the City Centre.

  1. ^ Passenger, freight and mail volumes include both domestic and international, transit, arriving and departing counterparts.
  2. ^ Number of movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during the year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NATS - AIS - Home". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Private Jet Charter | Plane Hire | Newcastle | Charter-a Ltd". www.iprivatejet.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 
  4. ^ "The SAS Group Annual Report 2001" (PDF). 
  5. ^ *"Newcastle International Airport extension opened" (Press release). Copenhagen Airports. 13 August 2004. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  6. ^ Editor: Eric, MacBurni (2007). "RUNWAY SAFETY: PROMOTING BEST PRACTICES" (PDF). ICAO JOURNAL. 62: 5. 
  7. ^ "Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Master Plan Update" (PDF). austintexas.gov. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - United to axe Newcastle, UK flights over weakening pound 12 August 2016
  9. ^ "Cargo & Freight". Newcastle Airport. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  10. ^ "Fire Training Courses". Newcastle Airport. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  11. ^ "Contact Us." Gill Airways. 23 April 2000. Retrieved on 22 September 2010.
  12. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267700/easyjet-plans-new-routes-in-16q4/
  13. ^ "Jet2.com Expands Grenoble Operations from Dec 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  14. ^ http://www.newcastleairport.com/news/article/206 Ryanair launches Newcastle winter 2016 schedule
  15. ^ http://corporate.ryanair.com/news/news/160427-3-new-newcastle-routes-to-gdansk-warsaw-wroclaw-launched/?market=en
  16. ^ http://www.newcastleairport.com/news/article/236
  17. ^ https://aviability.com/flight-number/flight-mt692-thomas-cook
  18. ^ http://www.thomson.co.uk/flight/timetable
  19. ^ Report on the accident to Piper PA60-602P, N64719 on 30 November 2000, UK AAIB
  20. ^ "Robinson R22 Beta, G-BSXN, 11 February 2004". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "Tornado GR4A, ZA 371, 5 August 2008". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  22. ^ "Rockwell Commander 112, G-FLPI, 25 May 2009". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Newcastle Airport at Wikimedia Commons