Next Hop Resolution Protocol

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The Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP) is an extension of the ATM ARP routing mechanism[1] that is sometimes used to improve the efficiency of routing computer network traffic over Non-Broadcast, Multiple Access (NBMA) Networks.[2] It is defined in IETF RFC 2332,[3] and further described in RFC 2333.[4] It can be used by a sender to determine a route with the fewest number of hops to a receiver.[5] The protocol differs from ARP-type protocols in that it allows routing optimization across multiple IP subnets.[6] NHRP is implemented by means of next-hop servers across IP subnets.[7] The NHRP forms a part of the Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM (MPOA) protocol as described in RFC 2684.[8][9] It also plays a role in Cisco's Dynamic Multipoint Virtual Private Network.[2] A limitation of NHRP is its inability to improve multicast protocols.[1]

Description[edit]

From RFC 2332: "[NHRP] allows a source station (a host or router), wishing to communicate over [an NBMA] subnetwork, to determine the internetworking layer addresses and NBMA addresses of suitable 'NBMA next hops' toward a destination station."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b White, P.P. (April 1998). "ATM switching and IP routing integration: the next stage in Internet evolution?" (PDF). IEEE Communications Magazine 36 (4): 79–83. doi:10.1109/35.667418. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "NHRP". Cisco. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  3. ^ B., Cole,; J., Luciani,; N., Doraswamy,; D., Piscitello,; D., Katz,. "NBMA Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP)". tools.ietf.org. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Cansever, Derya H. "NHRP Protocol Applicability Statement". tools.ietf.org. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Rouse, Margaret. "What is Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP)? - Definition from WhatIs.com". SearchNetworking. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Luciani, James V. (1 January 1997). "Next-hop resolution protocol". SPIE Proceedings 3233: 161–165. doi:10.1117/12.290456. 
  7. ^ Ahmad, Khalid. Sourcebook of ATM and IP Internetworking. John Wiley & Sons. p. 360. ISBN 9780471660941. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Dan, Grossman,; Juha, Heinanen,. "Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5". tools.ietf.org. 
  9. ^ Newman, P.; Lyon, T.; Minshall, G. (1 March 1996). "Flow labelled IP: a connectionless approach to ATM" (PDF). Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM '96. Fifteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer Societies. Networking the Next Generation 3: 1251–1260 vol.3. doi:10.1109/INFCOM.1996.493071. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 

External links[edit]