Nguyễn An

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Nguyễn An
Chinese name
Chinese 阮安
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Nguyễn An
Hán-Nôm

Nguyễn An (Sino-Vietnamese 阮安; died 1453), known in Chinese as Ruan An (pinyin)[1] or Juan An[2] (Wade-Giles), was a Ming dynasty eunuch, architect, and hydraulics specialist between the first and fifth decades of the 15th century. Born in Vietnam, he was taken as tribute from Vietnam to China and later became a eunuch and architect in service to the Chinese emperors. He, along with numerous architects, such as master designers and planners Cai Xin (蔡信), Chen Gui (陳珪), and Wu Zhong (吳中), master carpenter Kuai Xiang (蒯祥), and master mason Lu Xiang (陸祥), was an important builder[3] of the Forbidden City in Beijing.[4]

Under the reign of the Zhengtong Emperor, Nguyen An had a role in the reconstruction of the wall of Beijing.[2][5] He was also a hydraulics specialist, and was involved in at least three hydraulic projects and had a flawless record.[6] He died in 1453.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Womack, Brantly (2006). China and Vietnam: The Politics of Asymmetry. Cambridge University Press. p. 182. ISBN 0-521-85320-6. 
  2. ^ a b c Frederick W. Mote; Denis Twitchett; John K. Fairbank (1998). The Cambridge History of China. volume 7: The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 (part 1). Cambridge University Press. pp. 240–241. ISBN 0-521-24332-7. 
  3. ^ Zhu, Jianfei (2004). Chinese Spatial Strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 0-415-31883-1. 
  4. ^ "Vatican City and the Forbidden City; St. Peter's Square and Tiananmen Square: A Comparative Analysis. Page 5" (PDF). Asia-Pacific: Perspectives and the University of San Francisco. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-27. 
  5. ^ Zhu, Jianfei (2004). Chinese Spatial Strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 0-415-31883-1. 
  6. ^ Tsai, Shih-shan Henry (1996). The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. SUNY Press. p. 202. ISBN 0-7914-2687-4.