nickel(II) chromium(VI) oxide
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||174.71 g/mol|
|Appearance||dark maroon colored powder|
|very slightly soluble in water|
|Solubility||soluble in hydrochloric acid|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Nickel (II) Chromate (NiCrO4) is an acid-soluble compound, red-brown in color, with high tolerances for heat. It and the ions that compose it have been linked to tumor formation and gene mutation, particularly to wildlife.
Nickel (II) Chromate can be formed in the lab by heating a mixture of chromium(III) oxide and nickel oxide at between 700 °C and 800°C under 1000 atmosphere's pressure of oxygen. It can be produced at 535°C and 7.3 bar oxygen,, but the reaction takes days to complete. If the pressure is too low or temperature too high but above 660° then the nickel chromium spinel NiCr2O4 forms instead.
Precipitates of Ni2+ ions with chromate produce a brown substance that contains water.
The structure of nickel chromate is the same as for chromium vanadate, CrVO4. Crystals have an orthorhombic structure with unit cell sizes a=5.482 Å, b=8.237 Å, c=6.147 Å. The cell volume is 277.6 Å3 with four formula per unit cell.
Nickel chromate is dark in colour, unlike most other chromates which are yellow.
The infrared spectrum of nickel chromate show two sets of absorption bands. The first includes lines at 925, 825, and 800 cm−1 due to Cr-O stretching, and the second has lines at 430, 395, 365 (very weak) due to Cr-O rock and bend and 310 cm−1 produced from Ni-O stretching.
When heated at lower oxygen pressure around 600°C, nickel chromate decomposes to the nickel chromite spinel, nickel oxide and oxygen.
4NiCrO4 → 2NiCr2O4 + 2NiO + 3O2 (gas)
Nickel chromates can also crystallize with ligands [Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)CrO4•3H2O]•H2O which forms triclinic olive coloured crystals, and orange crystals of Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)3Cr2O7•3H2O and yellow powdered Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)3Cr2O7•8H2O.
- Perry, Dale L. Handbook of Inorganic Compounds, Second Edition. CRC Press. p. 290. ISBN 9781439814628.
- Eisler, R. (1998). Nickel Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: a Synoptic Review. Laurel: U.S. Geological Survey
- Muller, Olaf; Roy, Rustum; White, William B. (December 1968). "Phase Equilibria in the Systems NiO-Cr2,O3,-O2, MgO-Cr2O3-O2, and CdO-Cr2,O3,-O2, at High Oxygen Pressures". Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 51 (12): 693–699. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1968.tb15930.x.
- Brandt, Karin (1943). "X-Ray Analysis of CrVO4 and isomorphous compounds". Arkiv for Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi. 17A (6): 1–13. (not consulted)
- Muller, Olaf; White, William B.; Roy, Rustum (September 1969). "X-ray diffraction study of the chromates of nickel, magnesium and cadmium". Zeitschrift für Kristallographie. 130 (1-6): 112–120. doi:10.1524/zkri.1969.130.1-6.112.
- Bronowska, W; Staszak, Z; Daszkiewicz, M; Cieślak-Golonka, M; Wojciechowska, A (May 2002). "Systematic investigation of the [Ni2+–phen–CrO42−] system; dichromate species isolated from alkaline solutions". Polyhedron. 21 (9-10): 997–1003. doi:10.1016/S0277-5387(02)00912-9.
- Baran, E. J (May 1998). "Materials belonging to the CrVO4 structure type: preparation, crystal chemistry and physicochemical properties". Journal of Materials Science. 33 (10): 2479–2497. doi:10.1023/A:1004380530309.
- Muller, Olaf; White, William B.; Roy, Rustum (August 1969). "Infrared spectra of the chromates of magnesium, nickel and cadmium". Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy. 25 (8): 1491–1499. doi:10.1016/0584-8539(69)80133-9.