Nicholas Alexander of Wallachia

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Nicolae Alexandru
Nicolae Alexandru.jpg
Voivode of Wallachia
Reign c.1344 – 1352 (with Basarab I)
1352 – November 1364 (alone)
Predecessor Basarab I
Successor Vladislav I
Died November 1364
Spouse Clara Dobokai
Issue Vladislav I
Radu I
Anna of Wallachia, Empress of Bulgaria
Anka of Walachia, Empress of Serbia
House Basarab
Father Basarab I of Wallachia
Mother Doamna Margareta

Nicholas Alexander (Romanian: Nicolae Alexandru) was a Prince of Wallachia between 1352 and November 1364, after having been associate ruler to his father Basarab I.

In the year 1359, he founded the Eastern Orthodox Metropolis of Ungro-Wallachia.

After initially resisting pressures to become the Kingdom of Hungary's vassal, he yielded to King Louis I in 1354, and recognized the right of the Roman Catholic Church to establish missions in his principality, as well as the privilege of Saxon traders from Brașov to transit Wallachia without paying duties. In 1355, Nicolae Alexandru and the King of Hungary reached an agreement in return for Severin.

Nicholas Alexander was married twice. His second wife was Clara Dobokai, a Catholic noblewoman from Hungary.[1]

His daughter, Anna of Wallachia, married Tsar Ivan Stratsimir of Bulgaria and became mother of Tsar Constantine II of Bulgaria and Queen Dorothea of Bosnia. Another daughter Anka married Emperor Stefan Uroš V of Serbia.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Czamańska, Ilona (1996). Mołdawia i Wołoszczyzna wobec Polski, Węgier i Turcji w XIV i XV wieku. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM. p. 197. ISBN 83-232-0733-X. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • (Romanian) Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Românilor, vol. I, Ed. ALL Educațional, București, 2003.
  • (Romanian) Daniel Barbu, Sur le double nom du prince de Valachie Nicolas-Alexandre, Revue Roumaine d’Histoire XXV, no. 4, 1986.
Nicholas Alexander of Wallachia
Preceded by
Basarab I
Prince of Wallachia
1352–1364
Succeeded by
Vladislav I