Nicolas Geffrard

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Nicolas Geffrard (1871–1930) was a Haitian musician best known for composing La Dessalinienne, the Haitian national anthem. The piece was adopted in 1904 to celebrate one hundred years of Haitian independence. He spent part of his career working in Europe.


  • Dominque-Rene De Lerma. "Black Composers in Europe: A Works List." Black Music Research Journal. Vol 10, No. 2. pg. 307