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Njimi was the capital of the Kanuri state of Kanem (later Kanem-Bornu), north of Lake Chad, from the eleventh through the fourteenth centuries. Founded by the Sefawa dynasty in the eleventh century, the town dominated trans-Saharan trade in ivory and slaves between the central Sahara and Libya. The precise location of Njimi has yet to be determined.
- ^ a b Connah, Graham (1987). African Civilizations: Precolonial cities and states in tropical Africa: an archaeological perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521266661.