Nombre de Dios (mission)

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204-foot cross

Nombre de Dios is a Spanish Catholic mission in St. Augustine, Florida, United States, on the west side of Matanzas Bay.[1] It is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of St. Augustine.

History[edit]

The mission traces its origins to September 8, 1565, when Admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés landed with a band of settlers to found St. Augustine. Father Francisco Lopez de Mendoza Grajales, who was the chaplain of the expedition, celebrated the first Thanksgiving Mass on the grounds.[2] A formal Franciscan mission was founded near the city in 1587, perhaps the first mission in the continental United States.[3] The mission served nearby villages of the Mocama, a Timucua group, and was at the center of an important chiefdom in the late 16th and 17th century.

First the Jesuits and later the Franciscans ministered to the resident Spanish colonists, and made some efforts to evangelize the local Mocama and Agua Dulce peoples near St. Augustine. They were particularly successful in the Mocama village known as Nombre de Dios, converting the chief and her daughter. In 1587, at the beginning of the Franciscans' first major missionization push, a mission was founded at Nombre de Dios, served by a resident friar.

Grounds and features[edit]

The Great Cross

The Great Cross[edit]

The Great Cross was dedicated by Archbishop Casimiro Morcillo of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid during the diocesan Eucharistic Congress of October 1966 at the direction of Archbishop Joseph P. Hurley to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the founding of the Mission Nombre de Dios.[4] It is made of stainless steel and towers 208 feet above the Matanzas marshes.[2]

Museum[edit]

The Mission Nombre de Dios Museum features the original casket of the founder of St. Augustine, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, though his remains are located in Avilés, Spain. The museum's exhibits also include vestments and chalices from the Diocese of St. Augustine's archives, artifacts found during the archaeological excavations of the mission grounds, and coquina that was part of the original foundation of the chapel. Reproductions of the oldest written European documents in the U.S. and the 1155 document from Avilés, Spain are also in the museum, along with paintings by artist by JoAnn Crisp-Ellert and a diorama of the first parish Mass. The museum opened in 2010 and does not charge an admission fee.[5]

Prince of Peace Votive Church[edit]

The Prince of Peace Votive Church was constructed in 1965 and is situated at the San Marco Avenue entrance to the Nombre de Dios Mission grounds. It was built to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the mission's founding.[2] Prince of Peace is made of coquina and has a large stained glass window depicting a representation of the Holy Spirit. The church is currently used for adoration, weddings, funerals, and Mass on special occasions. It is "dedicated to prayers that God would spare the world from atomic warfare."[6]

Front of Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche

Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche[edit]

Front of Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche (wide)

The devotion to Our Lady of La Leche was brought over from Spain in the late 1500s,[7] and the mission grounds served as the site of the first Marian Shrine in the United States.[2] The centerpiece of the shrine is a statue of the Virgin Mary nursing the infant Jesus, which is a replica of the Our Lady of La Leche statue placed in a cathedral in Spain by Phillip III.[8] The original chapel was destroyed in 1728 during the British siege of St. Augustine and was rebuilt in 1875 by Bishop Augustin Verot, though it later suffered damage from a hurricane.[9] The current ivy-covered chapel, which seats about 30 people, was built in 1914 and is a replica of previous chapels built of coquina.[7] The shrine is a popular religious pilgrimage site, with many visitors seeking blessings and intercessions for successful pregnancy and delivery.[8]

Other features[edit]

Mission Nombre de Dios's grounds include archaeological excavations, a historic cemetery, Marian Shrines to Our Lady of Perpetual Help and Our Lady of Guadalupe, a gift shop, a bell tower, fountains, the rustic altar, mission plaques and historical markers, monuments of the Seven Sorrows of Mary, and statues of Father López, St. Francis of Assissi, and St. Joseph.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mission of Nombre de Dios/Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche". Florida's Historic Coast. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Mission Nombre de Dios". Diocese of St. Augustine. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Herreros, Mauricio Spiritual Florida: A Guide to Retreat Centers and Religious Sites in Florida, p. 25
  4. ^ "The Great Cross". missionandshrine.org. Mission Nombre de Dios. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Mission Nombre de Dios Museum". missionandshrine.org. Mission Nombre de Dios. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Prince of Peace Church". missionandshrine.org. Mission Nombre de Dios. 
  7. ^ a b "Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche". Diocese of St. Augustine. 
  8. ^ a b "Shrine of Our Lady of La Leche". http://missionandshrine.org/. Mission Nombre de Dios. Retrieved 6 August 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ "Mission Nombre de Dios - St. Augustine, Florida". exploresouthernhistory.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Chapel of Our Lady of La Leche". missionandshrine.org. Mission Nombre de Dios. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°54′18.3″N 81°18′57.8″W / 29.905083°N 81.316056°W / 29.905083; -81.316056