In Canada, a non-status Indian is a legal term referring to any First Nations individual who for whatever reason is not registered with the federal government, or is not registered to a band which signed a treaty with the Crown.
For several decades, status Indian women automatically became non-status if they married men who were not status Indians.
Prior to 1955, a status Indian could lose their status and become non-status through enfranchisement (voluntarily giving up status, usually for a minimal cash payment), by obtaining a college degree or becoming an ordained minister.
The 2013 Federal Court case Daniels v. Canada established that non-status Indians (and Métis) have the same aboriginal rights as status people, in that they are encompassed in the 1867 Constitution Act's language about "Indians".
- Pemberton, Kim (January 8, 2013). "Court decision ends ambiguity for non-status Indians and Metis, now officially 'Indians'". Vancouver Sun.
- Metis, Non-Status Indians To Learn If Top Court Will Hear Landmark Case, Steve Rennie/Canadian Press, Huffington Post November 19 2014
- Métis, non-status Indians win Supreme Court battle over rights, Gloria Galloway and Sean Fine, The Globe and Mail April 14, 2016
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