Cap of the North

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The Cap of the North (Nordkalotten in Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, or Pohjoiskalotti in Finnish) consists of the counties Finnmark, Nordland and Troms in Norway, Norrbotten County in Sweden, Lapland/Lappi Region in Finland and Murmansk Oblast in Russia.

This area is roughly equal to the parts of Fennoscandia (including the Kola Peninsula in Russia) lying north of the Arctic Circle. The region has a subarctic climate and is home to the majority of the Sámi people.

Historian Per Guttorm Kvenanger has criticized the term Nordkalotten for displacing the overlapping term Sápmi and hiding the "Sami character" of northern Fennoscandia.[1]


  1. ^ Kvenanger, P. G. (1996), Samernas historia [History of the Sami] (in Swedish), Jokkmokk, Sweden: Sameskolstyrelsen, p. 11