Norman Boyd Kinnear

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For the politician, see Norman Boyd.

Sir Norman Boyd Kinnear (11 August 1882 – 11 August 1957) was a Scottish zoologist and ornithologist.[1]

Kinnear was the younger son of the wealthy Edinburgh architect Charles George Hood Kinnear and his wife Jessie Jane and came from the same banking family (Thomas Kinnear & Company) as Sir William Jardine. Kinnear studied at Edinburgh Academy before moving to Trinity College, Glenalmond. He worked as an assistant in an estate in Lanarkshire before he followed his interest in natural history and volunteered at the Royal Scottish Museum with W. Eagle Clarke in 1905–1907. He joined Eagle Clarke to Fair Isle and in 1907, went aboard a whaling ship in the sea around Greenland to collect bird specimens.[2]

On a recommendation by William Eagle Clarke he went to India to become Curator of the museum of the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), a position he held from November 1, 1907 to November 1919, as well as being assistant editor of the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. In 1913 he married Gwendolen Beatrice Millard, daughter of an Edinburgh physician William Wright Millard,[2] a relative of Walter Samuel Millard at the BNHS. He helped the BNHS organize its survey of Indian mammals which were begun around 1911. When the First World War broke out he attempted to join the Indian army but only served briefly in the Bombay volunteer rifles and as an intelligence officer in the defence of Bombay port between 1915 and 1919.[2] During this time he also prepared a booklet on the animals of Mesopotamia.[3]

In 1920 he returned to Britain and became an assistant in the Department of Zoology at the Natural History Museum, becoming Keeper of Zoology in 1945. When he reached the age of 65 in August 1947, then the normal age of retirement, the trustees of the Museum took the decision to appoint him as Director of the Museum. He was appointed a CB in 1948. He retired on 30 April 1950 and was knighted in June of that year.[2]

Kinnear was editor of the Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club from 1925 to 1930 and president of the British Ornithologists' Union (which he joined when he was twenty) from 1943 to 1948. He was a member of the International Council for Bird Preservation from 1935 and was involved in the drafting of the Protection of Birds Act of 1954. He also served on the Councils of the National Trust and the Zoological Society. He was also a fellow of the Linnean Society of London He had a great interest in the writings of the naturalists on the voyages of James Cook.[2] He was one of the founders of the Society for the History of Natural History. He wrote two papers in the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society on the history of Indian ornithology and mammalogy. He edited editions of the Popular Handbook of Indian birds written by Hugh Whistler after the death of its author.[1] His other hobbies were fishing and gardening. He died on his seventy fifth birthday at his home on Burghey Road, Wimbledon.[2]


  1. ^ a b Ripley, S. D. (1958). "Obituary." (PDF). The Auk 75 (1): 119. doi:10.2307/4082092. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Barclay-Smith, Phyllis (2004). "Kinnear, Sir Norman Boyd (1882–1957)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34332. 
  3. ^ Prater, SH (1957). "Obituary. Norman Boyd Kinnear 1882–1957". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 54 (4): 928–930. 

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