Norman Swartz

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Norman Swartz (born 1939) is a professor emeritus (retired 1998) of philosophy, Simon Fraser University. He is the author or co-author of multiple books and multiple articles on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. He earned a B.A. in physics from Harvard University in 1961, an M.A. in history and philosophy of science from Indiana University in 1965 and a Ph.D. in history of philosophy of science in 1971 also from Indiana University.[1] He uses the term physical law to mean the laws of nature as they truly are and not as they are inferred and described in the practice of science.[2]


Following is an incomplete list of publications.


  • Possible Worlds: An Introduction to Logic and Its Philosophy. Co-authored with Raymond Bradley. (Indianapolis: Hackett), 1979.
  • The Concept of Physical Law. (New York: Cambridge University Press), 1985.
  • Beyond Experience: Metaphysical Theories and Philosophical Constraints. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1991.

Articles on the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Norman Swartz - Biography". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 14 April 2012. With free book downloads.
  2. ^ The Concept of Physical Law, Norman Swartz, (New York: Cambridge University Press), 1985. 2nd edition, available online.