North Santiam River

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North Santiam River
North Santiam River at Niagara County Park 06268.JPG
North Santiam River at Niagara County Park
North Santiam River is located in Oregon
North Santiam River
Location of the mouth of the North Santiam River in Oregon
EtymologyKalapuya tribe that lived near the Santiam River until removal to the Grande Ronde Reservation in 1906[2]
Location
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyLinn and Marion
Physical characteristics
SourceSantiam Lake
 - locationCascade Range, Mount Jefferson Wilderness, Linn County
 - coordinates44°28′39″N 121°53′04″W / 44.47750°N 121.88444°W / 44.47750; -121.88444[1]
 - elevation5,133 ft (1,565 m)[3]
MouthSantiam River
 - location
Willamette Valley, Marion County
 - coordinates
44°41′12″N 123°00′24″W / 44.68667°N 123.00667°W / 44.68667; -123.00667Coordinates: 44°41′12″N 123°00′24″W / 44.68667°N 123.00667°W / 44.68667; -123.00667[1]
 - elevation
217 ft (66 m)[1]
Length92 mi (148 km)[4]
Basin size766 sq mi (1,980 km2)[4]
Discharge 
 - locationMehama, 38.7 miles (62.3 km) from the mouth
 - average3,371 cu ft/s (95.5 m3/s)
 - minimum420 cu ft/s (12 m3/s)
 - maximum76,600 cu ft/s (2,170 m3/s)

The North Santiam River is a 92-mile (148 km) tributary of the Santiam River in western Oregon in the United States.[4] It drains 766 square miles (1,980 km2) of the Cascade Range on the eastern side of the Willamette Valley east of Salem.[4]

It rises in the high Cascades in eastern Linn county, northwest of Three Fingered Jack in the Willamette National Forest. It flows north through the mountains past Marion Forks, receiving the drainage from the western slope of Mount Jefferson. Near Mount Jefferson it turns sharply west, descending through a canyon past Idanha and Detroit to Niagara County Park where the valley begins to widen and some agriculture use begins. Continuing west, the river flows past Gates, Mill City and Mehama. It emerges through the foothills into the Willamette Valley near Stayton, then flows 15 miles (24 km) southwest through the valley where it joins the South Santiam River to form the Santiam River. The confluence is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of the confluence of the Santiam and the Willamette River.

It is impounded by Detroit Dam in the mountains west of Detroit to form Detroit Lake for flood control. Detroit Lake State Park is along the northern shore of the lake.

In the 19th century, the canyon of the North Santiam River provided a formidable obstacle to settlers. The construction of a railroad in 1887 opened up the canyon to settlement and logging of the surrounding mountains.

Fauna[edit]

Blocked by Big Cliff Dam near Mill City, the lower North Santiam River supports spring chinook salmon and summer steelhead. In the reaches upstream of the dam, the river is managed mainly as a stocked-trout fishery. Near the stream's source at Santiam Lake in the Mount Jefferson Wilderness, native cutthroat trout, rainbow trout, and brook trout are also found.[5]

The headwaters of Marion Creek, a tributary of the North Santiam River, originate at Marion Lake, which is a location of many wildlife species. This headwaters area is a breeding location for amphibians including the rough-skinned newt.[6]

Watershed[edit]

Ten cities draw their drinking water from the North Santiam watershed: Detroit, Gates, Idanha, Jefferson, Lyons, Mehama, Mill City, Salem, Stayton, and Turner.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "North Santiam River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  2. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003). Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 848. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
  3. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS coordinates
  4. ^ a b c d "The Watershed". North Santiam Watershed Council. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  5. ^ Shewey, John (2007). Complete Angler's Guide to Oregon. Belgrade, Montana: Wilderness Adventures Press. pp. 183–86. ISBN 978-1-932098-31-0.
  6. ^ Hogan, C. Michael (2008). "Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa)". Globaltwitcher. Archived from the original on 2009-05-27.
  7. ^ "Current Water Source". City of Salem. Retrieved February 28, 2011.

External links[edit]