List of northernmost items

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Ny-Ålesund at 79°N - location of the northernmost hotel, restaurant, camping site.

This is a list of various northernmost things on earth.

Cities and settlements[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Capital (of an independent state) Reykjavík, Iceland[1] 64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933 (Reykjavík, Iceland)
Capital (of a constituent country) Nuuk, Greenland[2] 64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733 (Nuuk, Greenland)
Permanent settlement of any size Alert, Nunavut (CFS Alert), Canada[3] 82°28′N 62°30′W / 82.467°N 62.500°W / 82.467; -62.500 (Alert, Nunavut, Canada)
City > 1,000 people Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway[4] 78°13′N 15°33′E / 78.217°N 15.550°E / 78.217; 15.550 (Longyearbyen (> 1000 people), Norway)
City > 5,000 people Tiksi, Russia[5] 71°38′N 128°52′E / 71.633°N 128.867°E / 71.633; 128.867 (Tiksi (> 5,000 people), Russia)
City > 50,000 people Tromsø, Norway[citation needed] 69°40′33″N 18°55′10″E / 69.67583°N 18.91944°E / 69.67583; 18.91944 (Tromso (> 50,000 people, Norway)
City > 100,000 people Norilsk, Russia[6][7] 69°21′N 88°12′E / 69.350°N 88.200°E / 69.350; 88.200 (Norilsk (> 100,000 people), Russia)
City > 250,000 people Murmansk, Russia 68°58′N 33°05′E / 68.967°N 33.083°E / 68.967; 33.083 (Murmansk (> 250,000 people), Russia)
City > 500,000 people Helsinki, Finland 60°10′15″N 24°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.93750°E / 60.17083; 24.93750 (Helsinki (> 500,000 people), Finland)
City > 1,000,000 people Saint Petersburg, Russia[8] 59°57′N 30°18′E / 59.950°N 30.300°E / 59.950; 30.300 (Saint Petersburg (> 1,000,000 people), Russia)
City > 10,000,000 people Moscow, Russia[8] 55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617 (Moscow (> 1,000,000 people), Russia)

See also: Northernmost settlements, Northernmost cities and towns

Geography[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Island Kaffeklubben Island, Greenland[9] 83°40′N 29°50′W / 83.667°N 29.833°W / 83.667; -29.833 (Kaffeklubben Island)
Active volcano Beerenberg, Jan Mayen, Norway[10] 71°4′36″N 8°9′52″W / 71.07667°N 8.16444°W / 71.07667; -8.16444 (Beerenberg volcano)
Coral atoll Kure Atoll, Hawaii, United States[11] 28°25′16″N 178°19′55″W / 28.42111°N 178.33194°W / 28.42111; -178.33194 (Kure Atoll)
Coral reef Korallen,[12] Finnmark, Norway 70°40′N 22°00′W / 70.667°N 22.000°W / 70.667; -22.000
Active Sand dunes Athabasca Sand Dunes Provincial Park, Saskatchewan, Canada 59°03′47″N 108°57′44″W / 59.06306°N 108.96222°W / 59.06306; -108.96222 (Athabasca Sand Dunes Provincial Park)
Lake Lake North Pole, North Pole[13] 85°N 5°W / 85°N 5°W / 85; -5 (Lake North Pole)[14]
Location with all monthly
average temperatures above freezing
Værøy and
Røst, Norway[15][16]
67°40′N 12°40′E / 67.667°N 12.667°E / 67.667; 12.667 (Værøy)
67°31′N 12°5′E / 67.517°N 12.083°E / 67.517; 12.083 (Røst)
Crater lake Lake Lappajärvi, Lappajärvi,[17] Finland 63°7′N 23°40′E / 63.117°N 23.667°E / 63.117; 23.667 (Lake Lappajärvi)

Nature[edit]

Animals[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Coral reef off the north coast of Norway[18] 71°15′N 25°0′E / 71.250°N 25.000°E / 71.250; 25.000 (Coral reef)
Bat colony (naturally occurring) Rundhaug, Målselv (Troms), Norway[19] 68°58′30″N 19°3′52″E / 68.97500°N 19.06444°E / 68.97500; 19.06444 (Bat)
Non-human primate colony Shimokita Peninsula, Honshu, Japan[20] 41°32′N 140°55′E / 41.533°N 140.917°E / 41.533; 140.917 (Japanese macaque)
Reptile: viviparous lizard Scandinavia and Russia [21] approximately 68°N
Fresh water fish: arctic charr [22] approximately 82°N

Plants[edit]

These lists only contain naturally occurring plants and trees.

General[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Forest Lukunsky grove of Dahurian larch, south from Khatanga River, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia[23] 72°31′N 105°03′E / 72.517°N 105.050°E / 72.517; 105.050 (Dahurian larch)
Palms (European fan palm Chamaerops humilis) Nice, Mediterranean coast of southern France[24] 43°42′N 7°15′E / 43.700°N 7.250°E / 43.700; 7.250 (European fan palm)
Flower Purple saxifrage on Kaffeklubben Island[25] 83°40′N 29°50′W / 83.667°N 29.833°W / 83.667; -29.833 (Kaffeklubben Island)

Shrubs[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Willow (Arctic willow Salix arctica) reaches the northern limits of land in Greenland[26]

Trees[edit]

See also: tree line
Item Place Latitude/longitude
Larch (Dahurian larch Larix gmelinii) About 150 km westward of Khatanga River outfall, Taymyr Peninsula, Siberia, Russia.[27]
This location is that of the northernmost tree of any kind (this is a creeping form of Dahurian larch)
73°04′32″N 102°00′00″E / 73.07556°N 102.00000°E / 73.07556; 102.00000 (Dahurian larch)
Ash (European ash Fraxinus excelsior) Leksvik and Frosta[28] (Nord-Trøndelag), Norway
Beech forest (European beech Fagus sylvatica) Seim[29] in Lindås (Hordaland), Norway
Elm forest (Wych elm Ulmus glabra) Beiarn[30] (Nordland), Norway
European holly (Ilex aquifolium) Bremsnes[31] in Averøy, (Møre og Romsdal), Norway
Hazel (Corylus avellana) Prestegårdsskogen nature reserve, Steigen[32] (Nordland), Norway
Lime (Small-leaved lime Tilia cordata) Brønnøy[33] (Nordland), Norway
Oak forest (English oak Quercus robur) Edøya[34] in Smøla (Møre og Romsdal), Norway

Recreation[edit]

Culture and music[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Oktoberfest Oktoberfest 78° Nord,[35] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (Oktoberfest)
Art Gallery The Gallery and Longyearbyen Arts & Crafts Centre,[36] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°20′N 15°59′E / 78.333°N 15.983°E / 78.333; 15.983 (The Gallery and Longyearbyen Arts & Crafts Centre)
Blues Festival Dark Season Blues,[37] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°15′N 15°31′E / 78.250°N 15.517°E / 78.250; 15.517 (Dark Season Blues)
Rock Festival Spitsbergen Rock festival,[38] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°15′N 15°31′E / 78.250°N 15.517°E / 78.250; 15.517 (Spitsbergen Rock festival)
Jazz Festival Polarjazz,[39] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°15′N 15°31′E / 78.250°N 15.517°E / 78.250; 15.517 (Polarjazz)
Museum Svalbard Museum,[40] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°38′E / 78.217°N 15.633°E / 78.217; 15.633 (Svalbard Museum)
Professional theatre Samovarteateret, Kirkenes,[41] Norway 69°43′25″N 30°03′26″E / 69.723740°N 30.057177°E / 69.723740; 30.057177
Soul and Blues Festival Alta Soul & Blues Festival,[42] Alta, Norway 69°56′N 23°18′E / 69.933°N 23.300°E / 69.933; 23.300 (Alta Soul & Blues Festival)
Symphony orchestra Tromsø Symphony Orchestra, Tromsø,[43] Norway 69°38′50″N 18°57′20″E / 69.64722°N 18.95556°E / 69.64722; 18.95556 (Tromsø Symphony Orchestra)
Heavy Metal Music Festival Kiruna Winter Metal Festival,[44] Kiruna, Sweden 67°51′N 20°13′E / 67.850°N 20.217°E / 67.850; 20.217 (Kiruna Winter Metal Festival)
Folk dance theatre Rimpparemmi, Rovaniemi,[45] Finland 66°29′59″N 25°42′49″E / 66.499621°N 25.713644°E / 66.499621; 25.713644
Film Festival Sodankylä Film Festival, Sodankylä,[46] Finland 67°25′N 26°35′E / 67.417°N 26.583°E / 67.417; 26.583
Design week Arctic Design, Rovaniemi,[47] Finland 66°30′N 25°44′E / 66.500°N 25.733°E / 66.500; 25.733
Comics Festival Kemi International Comics Festival, Kemi,[48] Finland 65°44′N 24°33′E / 65.733°N 24.550°E / 65.733; 24.550
Samba dance group Samba el Gambo, Kokkola,[49] Finland 63°50′13″N 23°06′13″E / 63.837039°N 23.103583°E / 63.837039; 23.103583
Ukulele Festival Tropical Winter Ukulele Fest, Leppävirta,[50] Finland 62°29′30″N 27°47′15″E / 62.49167°N 27.78750°E / 62.49167; 27.78750 (Tropical Winter Ukulele Fest)

Sport[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Bowling alley Alert, Nunavut, Canada[51] 82°30′N 62°19′W / 82.500°N 62.317°W / 82.500; -62.317
Cycling sport Arctic Race of Norway, Longyearbyen, Norway [52] 78°13′N 15°37′W / 78.217°N 15.617°W / 78.217; -15.617
Marathon running race Spitsbergen Marathon, Longyearbyen, Norway [53] 78°13′N 15°37′W / 78.217°N 15.617°W / 78.217; -15.617
Marathon ski race Svalbard Skimaraton, Longyearbyen, Norway 78°13′N 15°37′W / 78.217°N 15.617°W / 78.217; -15.617
Swimming pool, at least 20 metres (66 ft) Longyearbyen, Norway 78°12′38″N 15°36′49″W / 78.21056°N 15.61361°W / 78.21056; -15.61361
Gym Longyearbyen, Norway[54] 78°12′38″N 15°36′49″W / 78.21056°N 15.61361°W / 78.21056; -15.61361
High school American football team Barrow, Alaska, United States[55][56][57] 71°17′N 156°45′W / 71.283°N 156.750°W / 71.283; -156.750
Nine-hole golf course Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada[58] 70°44′N 117°45′W / 70.733°N 117.750°W / 70.733; -117.750 (9 hole golf course)
Alpine ski centre Alta Norway [59] 70°2′5″N 23°32′9″E / 70.03472°N 23.53583°E / 70.03472; 23.53583
Cricket club Tromsø, Norway [60] 69°40′N 19°04′E / 69.667°N 19.067°E / 69.667; 19.067 (Tromsø Cricket Club)
Ski resort Tromsø, Norway [61]Also self claimed 69°40′N 19°04′E / 69.667°N 19.067°E / 69.667; 19.067 (ski resort)
18 hole golf course Tromsø Golfpark at Breivikeidet near Tromsø, Norway[62] 69°39′30″N 19°37′00″E / 69.65833°N 19.61667°E / 69.65833; 19.61667 (18 hole golf course)
Ice arena Taymyr, Dudinka, Russia [63] 69°24′N 86°11′E / 69.400°N 86.183°E / 69.400; 86.183 (Dudinka, Russia) (coordinates of Dudinka)
Sailing regatta Severomorsk, Russia [64] 69°04′N 33°25′E / 69.067°N 33.417°E / 69.067; 33.417 (coordinates of Severomorsk)
Triathlon Bodø Triatlon, Bodø, Norway [65] 67°16′N 14°24′E / 67.267°N 14.400°E / 67.267; 14.400
Cable wakeboard line Oulu Wakepark Oy, Oulu, Finland[66] 65°00′41″N 25°28′36″E / 65.011311°N 25.476684°E / 65.011311; 25.476684
Padel field Lumijoki, Finland[67] 64°50′30″N 25°10′44″E / 64.841584°N 25.178990°E / 64.841584; 25.178990
Lido Otanmäki Lido, Otanmäki, Kajaani, Finland[68] 64°06′28″N 27°06′09″E / 64.107894°N 27.102595°E / 64.107894; 27.102595

Religion[edit]

Pechenga Monastery, Murmanskaya, Russia
Item Place Latitude/longitude
Church (Eastern Orthodox Church) (military church) Church of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker,[69] Alexandra Land, Franz Josef Land, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia 80°48′0″N 047°44′0″E / 80.80000°N 47.73333°E / 80.80000; 47.73333 (Church of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker)
Church (Lutheran church) (civilian church) Svalbard church,[70] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′11″N 15°37′06″E / 78.219831°N 15.618314°E / 78.219831; 15.618314 (Svalbard kirke)
Bahá'í Centre Bahá'í Centre in Qaanaaq,[71] Greenland, Denmark 77°28′02″N 69°13′48″W / 77.467178°N 69.230046°W / 77.467178; -69.230046 (Bahá'í Centre in Qaanaaq) (coordinates of Qaanaaq)
Anglican church St Peter's Church,[72] Grise Fiord, Nunavut, Canada 76°15′01″N 82°32′02″W / 76.2503°N 82.5338°W / 76.2503; -82.5338 (St Peter's Church) (coordinates of Grise Fiord)
Catholic church Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus,[73] Pond Inlet, Nunavut, Canada 72°41′43″N 77°58′43″W / 72.695411°N 77.978643°W / 72.695411; -77.978643 (Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus)
Mormon church Church of Jesus Christ of Lds,[74] Barrow, Alaska, United States 71°18′04″N 156°45′42″W / 71.301133°N 156.761766°W / 71.301133; -156.761766 (Church Of Jesus Christ Of Lds)
Seventh-day Adventist Church Barrow SDA Church,[75] Barrow, Alaska, United States 71°18′03″N 156°44′03″W / 71.300871°N 156.734236°W / 71.300871; -156.734236 (Barrow SDA Church)
Presbyterian church Utgiaqvik Presbyterian Church in Barrow,[76] Alaska, United States 71°17′32″N 156°47′02″W / 71.292347°N 156.783979°W / 71.292347; -156.783979 (Utgiaqvik Presbyterian Church)
Eastern Orthodox Church (civilian) Icon of the Mother of God of the Sign, [77] Russkoye Ustye, Russia 71°08′01″N 149°15′58″E / 71.133510°N 149.266227°E / 71.133510; 149.266227
Baptist church Betania Nordkapp Baptistmenighet,[78] Honningsvåg, Norway 70°58′45″N 25°58′38″E / 70.979125°N 25.977303°E / 70.979125; 25.977303 (Betania Nordkapp Baptistmenighet)
Methodist church Metodistkirken i Hammerfest,[79] Norway 70°39′43″N 23°40′53″W / 70.662038°N 23.681323°W / 70.662038; -23.681323 (Metodistkirken i Hammerfest,<)
Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses Rikets sal, Rypklubbveien, Hammerfest, Norway[80] 70°38′56″N 23°39′46″E / 70.648750°N 23.662830°E / 70.648750; 23.662830 (Hammerfest menighet)
Ecumenic chapel St. Johannes kapell, Nordkapp, Norway[81] 70°58′41″N 25°58′29″E / 70.97806°N 25.97472°E / 70.97806; 25.97472 (St. Johannes kapell) (coordinates of Nordkapp)
Salvation Army Guesthouse Frelsesarmeen Vardø korps, Vardø, Norway[82] 70°22′13″N 31°06′39″E / 70.370278°N 31.110824°E / 70.370278; 31.110824
Nunnery Carmelite Nunnery Totus Tuus,[83] Tromsø, Norway 69°39′09″N 18°55′15″E / 69.652566°N 18.920829°E / 69.652566; 18.920829 (Totus Tuus)
Cathedral Vår Frue Church,[84] Tromsø, Norway 69°39′06″N 18°57′24″E / 69.651600°N 18.956762°E / 69.651600; 18.956762 (Vår Frue Kirke)
Monastery Pechenga Monastery,[85] Pechenga, Murmanskaya, Russia 69°32′41″N 31°12′47″E / 69.544630°N 31.213128°E / 69.544630; 31.213128 (Pechenga monastery)
Mosque Alnor Senter, Tromsø, Norway[86][87]
69°39′15.01″N 18°57′36.25″E / 69.6541694°N 18.9600694°E / 69.6541694; 18.9600694 (Alnor Senter)
Mosque Custom Built Nurd Kamal Mosque, Norilsk, Russia[88]
69°20′27.19″N 88°12′3.21″E / 69.3408861°N 88.2008917°E / 69.3408861; 88.2008917 (Nurd Kamal Mosque)
New Apostolic Church Murmansk,[89] Russia 68°57′20″N 33°04′04″E / 68.955445°N 33.067698°E / 68.955445; 33.067698 (New Apostolic Church of Murmansk)
Medieval church Trondenes Church,[90] Norway 68°49′19″N 16°33′44″E / 68.8220°N 16.5622°E / 68.8220; 16.5622 (Trondenes Church)
Synagogue Murmansk,[91] Russia 68°58′N 33°05′E / 68.967°N 33.083°E / 68.967; 33.083 (Murmansk Synagogue)
Eckankar temple Inuvik,[92] Northern Territories, Canada 68°21′N 133°25′W / 68.35°N 133.42°W / 68.35; -133.42 (coordinates of Inuvik)
Buddhist temple and monastery Fredens hus, Boden, Sweden[93] 65°50′N 21°43′E / 65.833°N 21.717°E / 65.833; 21.717 (Fredens hus)
Quaker meeting house Hidden Hill Friends Center, Fairbanks,[94] Alaska, United States 64°51′44″N 147°55′03″W / 64.862091°N 147.917533°W / 64.862091; -147.917533
Unitarian Universalist church Unitarian Universalist Church, Fairbanks,[95] Alaska, United States 64°50′06″N 147°50′50″W / 64.835057°N 147.847183°W / 64.835057; -147.847183 (Unitarian Universalist church of Fairbanks)
Wicca coven, group or organisation Fairbanks & North Pole *Pagan* Wives, Fairbanks,[96] Alaska, United States 64°50′37″N 147°43′23″W / 64.84361°N 147.72306°W / 64.84361; -147.72306 (Fairbanks, Alaska, United States) (coordinates of Fairbanks)
Cistercian monastery Munkeby Abbey,[97] Levanger, Norway 63°43′08″N 11°22′45″E / 63.718849°N 11.379240°E / 63.718849; 11.379240 (Munkeby Mariakloster)
Christian Community Church Kristensamfunnet Trøndelag,[98] Trøndelag, Norway 63°25′56″N 10°23′32″E / 63.432224°N 10.392182°E / 63.432224; 10.392182 (Kristensamfunnet Trøndelag)
Gothic cathedral Nidaros Cathedral,[99] Trondheim, Norway 63°25′37″N 10°23′49″E / 63.426905°N 10.396948°E / 63.426905; 10.396948 (Nidaros Cathedral)
Armenian church Saint Karapet,[100] Yakutsk, Sakha, Russia 62°02′N 129°44′E / 62.03°N 129.73°E / 62.03; 129.73 (Saint Karapet) (coordinates of Yakutsk)
Buddhist stupa Siikainen stupa, Siikainen, Finland[101] 61°54′54″N 21°55′32″E / 61.915016°N 21.925590°E / 61.915016; 21.925590 (Siikainen stupa)
Hindu temple Sri Ganesha Hindu temple,[102] Anchorage, Alaska, United States 61°10′47″N 149°57′43″W / 61.179746°N 149.961920°W / 61.179746; -149.961920 (Sri Ganesha Hindu temple)
Taoist center Taoism Center for Wellness,[103] Anchorage, Alaska, United States 61°10′25″N 149°53′17″W / 61.173643°N 149.887990°W / 61.173643; -149.887990
Mennonite church Prince of Peace Mennonite Church,[104] Anchorage, Alaska, United States 61°07′17″N 149°44′54″W / 61.121434°N 149.748460°W / 61.121434; -149.748460
Sikh Gurudwara The Sikh Society of Alaska,[105] Anchorage, Alaska, United States 61°06′54″N 149°44′36″W / 61.114961°N 149.743202°W / 61.114961; -149.743202 (The Sikh Society of Alaska)
Metropolitan Community Church Elävä vesi MCC, Helsinki, Finland[106] 60°10′15″N 24°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.93750°E / 60.17083; 24.93750 (Helsinki, Finland) (coordinates of Helsinki)
Society of Jesus Center Jesuiterna i Uppsala,[107] Uppsala, Sweden 59°51′29″N 17°37′35″E / 59.858137°N 17.626251°E / 59.858137; 17.626251
Opus Dei center Stockholm,[108] Sweden 59°20′45″N 18°04′08″E / 59.345918°N 18.068887°E / 59.345918; 18.068887
Liberal Catholic Church Church of Saint Michel and all Angels, [109] Stockholm, Sweden 59°19′20″N 17°59′41″E / 59.322198°N 17.994805°E / 59.322198; 17.994805
Scientology church Scientologi-kyrkan,[110] Stockholm, Sweden 59°15′52″N 17°54′12″E / 59.264422°N 17.903386°E / 59.264422; 17.903386 (Scientologi-kyrkan)
Benedictine monastery Heliga Hjärtas Kloster,[111] Borghamn, Sweden 58°21′21″N 14°41′40″E / 58.355735°N 14.694448°E / 58.355735; 14.694448 (Heliga Hjärtas Kloster)
Hare krishna temple Hare Krishna Center,[112] Riga, Latvia 56°57′17″N 24°07′43″E / 56.954735°N 24.128694°E / 56.954735; 24.128694 (Riga ISKCON)
Hutterian church Hutterian Brethren Church,[113] Eaglesham, Alberta, Canada 55°43′34″N 117°57′42″W / 55.726205°N 117.961783°W / 55.726205; -117.961783 (Hutterian Brethren Church)
Ancient Roman temple Maryport,[114] England, United Kingdom 54°42′46″N 3°29′33″W / 54.7128°N 3.4926°W / 54.7128; -3.4926 (coordinates of Maryport)
Christian Science church Christian Science Church,[115] Accrington, England, United Kingdom 53°45′28″N 2°21′33″W / 53.757863°N 2.359126°W / 53.757863; -2.359126 (Christian Science Church)
Jain temple Jain Samaj,[116] Manchester, United Kingdom 53°27′03″N 2°11′33″W / 53.450945°N 2.192403°W / 53.450945; -2.192403 (Jain Samaj)
Shinto shrine Japanese Dutch Shinzen Foundation,[117] Amsterdam, Netherlands 52°22′24″N 4°55′30″E / 52.373217°N 4.924987°E / 52.373217; 4.924987 (Japanese Dutch Shinzen Foundation)
Amish community Rexford community[118] in Rexford, Montana, United States 48°32′N 115°06′E / 48.53°N 115.10°E / 48.53; 115.10 (coordinates of Rexford, Montana)
Zoroastrian fire temple Archaeological remains of a fire temple[119] in Tbilisi, Georgia 41°26′N 44°28′E / 41.43°N 44.47°E / 41.43; 44.47 (fire temple) (coordinates of Tbilisi)

Education[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Kindergarten Kullungen barnehage and Polarflokken barnehage,[120] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
School Longyearbyen school [121] Svalbard, Norway 78°12′N 15°37′E / 78.20°N 15.61°E / 78.20; 15.61
Higher education institute University Centre in Svalbard,[122] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°36′E / 78.217°N 15.600°E / 78.217; 15.600 (University Centre in Svalbard)
International Baccalaureate Kirkenes,[123] Norway 69°41′18″N 30°00′02″E / 69.688332°N 30.000539°E / 69.688332; 30.000539
Waldorf School Steinerskolen i Tromsø,[124] Norway 69°38′27″N 18°56′05″E / 69.640953°N 18.934734°E / 69.640953; 18.934734
University University of Tromsø,[125][126] Tromsø, Norway 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (University of Tromsø)
School for the deaf Kristinaskolan School for the Deaf, Kristinaskolan,[127] Härnösand, Sweden 62°37′40″N 17°56′59″E / 62.627719°N 17.949657°E / 62.627719; 17.949657

Transportation[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Airport, permanent with flights but no scheduled Alert Airport, Nunavut, Canada[3][128] 82°31′04″N 062°16′50″W / 82.51778°N 62.28056°W / 82.51778; -62.28056 (Alert Airport)
Limousine Svalbards Limousineservice,[129] Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65
Car rental Arctic Autorent AS,[130] Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65
Airport, permanent with scheduled flights Svalbard Longyear Airport, Svalbard, Norway[131] 78°14′46″N 15°27′56″E / 78.24611°N 15.46556°E / 78.24611; 15.46556 (Longyear Airport)
Road Road to Anabar, Anabar Bay, Yuryung-Khaya, Russia [132] 72°N 49°E / 72°N 49°E / 72; 49
Bridge Havøysund Bridge[133] 70°59′40″N 24°38′52″E / 70.9945°N 24.6477°E / 70.9945; 24.6477
Suspension bridge Kvalsund Bridge,[134] Kvalsund, Norway 70°30′48″N 23°57′03″E / 70.513365°N 23.950736°E / 70.513365; 23.950736
Railway Obskaya–Bovanenkovo Line, Russia[135] 70°22′30″N 68°40′12″E / 70.37500°N 68.67000°E / 70.37500; 68.67000
Railway station Zheleznodorozhnaya Stantsiya,[64] Pechenga, Russia 69°25′45″N 30°50′13″E / 69.429081°N 30.837057°E / 69.429081; 30.837057
Motorway TornioKemi, Finland (road 29/E8)[136] 65°50′N 24°20′E / 65.833°N 24.333°E / 65.833; 24.333 (Tornio–Keminmaa motorway)
Year-round ship route Vaasa-Umeå,[137] 63°40′55″N 20°20′28″E / 63.681807°N 20.340990°E / 63.681807; 20.340990
Tram Trondheim,[138] Norway 63°37′30″N 10°22′59″E / 63.625°N 10.383°E / 63.625; 10.383
Metro station Mellunmäki metro station, Helsinki, Finland (Helsinki Metro)[139] 60°14′21″N 25°6′39″E / 60.23917°N 25.11083°E / 60.23917; 25.11083 (Mellunmäki metro station)

Shops and service facilities[edit]

General[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Post office (military) CFS Alert, (Alert) Nunavut, Canada[140] 82°30′N 062°19′E / 82.500°N 62.317°E / 82.500; 62.317 (CFS Alert)
Post office (civilian) Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway [141] 78°55′N 11°56′E / 78.917°N 11.933°E / 78.917; 11.933 (Ny-Ålesund, Norway)
Campsite Longyearbyen Campground,[142] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°14′57″N 15°29′56″E / 78.249131°N 15.498962°E / 78.249131; 15.498962
Airbnb Room letting Total Solar Eclipse,[143]Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°14′46″N 15°27′56″E / 78.2461°N 15.4656°E / 78.2461; 15.4656
Department store Svalbardbutikken,[144] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′20″N 15°39′28″E / 78.222337°N 15.657658°E / 78.222337; 15.657658
Hotel Radisson Blu Polar Hotel,[145] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′16″N 15°38′49″E / 78.221058°N 15.646921°E / 78.221058; 15.646921
Gift shop Longyearbyen,[64] Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Cinema Kulturhuset,[146] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′10″N 15°38′36″E / 78.219502°N 15.643380°E / 78.219502; 15.643380
Pharmacy Apotek Spitsbergen,[147] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′06″N 15°38′23″E / 78.218327°N 15.639848°E / 78.218327; 15.639848
Library Longyearbyen Public Library,[148] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′04″N 15°38′27″E / 78.217695°N 15.640905°E / 78.217695; 15.640905
Automated teller machine Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway [149] 78°13′N 15°33′E / 78.217°N 15.550°E / 78.217; 15.550 (Town of Longyearbyen (> 1000 people), Norway)
Hospital Longyearbyen Hospital, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°38′E / 78.217°N 15.633°E / 78.217; 15.633 (University Hospital of North Norway)
Advertising agency Reklamehuset Nord AS,[150] Hammerfest, Norway 70°39′47″N 23°41′10″E / 70.663008°N 23.686244°E / 70.663008; 23.686244
Record store Puskas musikk,[151] Alta, Norway 69°57′59″N 23°16′19″E / 69.966399°N 23.271962°E / 69.966399; 23.271962
Ice hotel Igloo Hotel,[152] Sorrisniva, Alta, Norway 69°51′54″N 23°19′05″E / 69.865117°N 23.317985°E / 69.865117; 23.317985
Four-star hotel Hotel Arctic,[153] Ilulissat, Greenland 69°13′37″N 51°05′36″W / 69.226851°N 51.093230°W / 69.226851; -51.093230
Tropical spa Holiday Club Saariselkä,[154] Saariselkä, Inari, Finland 68°25′13″N 27°25′08″E / 68.420344°N 27.418821°E / 68.420344; 27.418821
Surf shop Unstad Arctic Surf,[155] Unstad, Lofoten, Norway 68°15′55″N 13°35′29″E / 68.265298°N 13.591381°E / 68.265298; 13.591381
Lidl Sodankylä,[156] Finland 67°24′52″N 26°35′16″E / 67.414556°N 26.587675°E / 67.414556; 26.587675
Walmart Fairbanks, Alaska, USA 64°51′24″N 147°41′22″W / 64.856611°N 147.689553°W / 64.856611; -147.689553
IKEA Haparanda,[157] Sweden 65°50′36″N 24°07′55″E / 65.843386°N 24.132055°E / 65.843386; 24.132055
Holiday Inn hotel Tampere,[158] Finland 61°30′00″N 23°46′17″E / 61.500092°N 23.771460°E / 61.500092; 23.771460

Fast Food restaurants[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Burger King Tromsø, Norway[159] 69°40′18″N 18°55′15″E / 69.671642°N 18.920732°E / 69.671642; 18.920732
Subway Murmansk, Russia[160] 68°58′23″N 33°04′40″E / 68.973058°N 33.077710°E / 68.973058; 33.077710
McDonald's Murmansk, Russia[161] 68°58′13″N 33°04′18″E / 68.970297°N 33.071709°E / 68.970297; 33.071709
KFC Inuvik, Canada[162] 68°21′31″N 133°43′27″W / 68.358743°N 133.724127°W / 68.358743; -133.724127
Domino's Pizza Akureyri, Iceland[163] 65°41′30″N 18°06′27″W / 65.691547°N 18.107539°W / 65.691547; -18.107539
Starbucks Fairbanks, Alaska[164] 64°51′17″N 147°41′27″W / 64.854677°N 147.690881°W / 64.854677; -147.690881
Pizza Hut Fairbanks, Alaska[165] 64°51′10″N 147°42′51″W / 64.852676°N 147.714099°W / 64.852676; -147.714099
Denny's Fairbanks, Alaska[166] 64°50′10″N 147°45′35″W / 64.836232°N 147.759772°W / 64.836232; -147.759772
Tim Horton's Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada[167] 63°44′47″N 68°31′07″W / 63.746261°N 68.518680°W / 63.746261; -68.518680
Dairy Queen Palmer, Alaska, United States[168] 61°35′58″N 149°07′15″W / 61.599488°N 149.120728°W / 61.599488; -149.120728

Restaurants[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Restaurant Mellageret Kafe,[169] Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway 78°55′26″N 11°54′19″E / 78.923769°N 11.905344°E / 78.923769; 11.905344 (Coordinates of Ny-Ålesund)
Bar Barentz Pub & Spiseri,[170] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′16″N 15°38′49″E / 78.221058°N 15.646921°E / 78.221058; 15.646921
Coffeehouse Fruene,[171] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′07″N 15°38′28″E / 78.218727°N 15.641001°E / 78.218727; 15.641001
Sushi restaurant Sushi Kita,[172] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′07″N 15°38′21″E / 78.218560°N 15.639255°E / 78.218560; 15.639255
Thai restaurant Taste of Thai,[173] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′06″N 15°38′19″E / 78.218325°N 15.638748°E / 78.218325; 15.638748
Kebab restaurant Longyearbyen,[174] Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°33′E / 78.217°N 15.550°E / 78.217; 15.550 (Coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Russian restaurant 78th Parallel, [175] Barentsburg, Svalbard, Norway 78°04′N 14°13′E / 78.067°N 14.217°E / 78.067; 14.217 (Coordinates of Barentsburg)
Internet café Innaarsuit,[176] Greenland, Denmark 73°07′N 56°00′W / 73.12°N 56.00°W / 73.12; -56.00 (Coordinates of Innaarsuit)
Mexican restaurant Pepe's North of the Border,[177] Barrow, Alaska, United States 71°17′33″N 156°47′18″W / 71.292455°N 156.788354°W / 71.292455; -156.788354
Ice bar Artico Ice Bar AS,[178] Honningsvåg, Norway 70°58′54″N 25°58′19″E / 70.981667°N 25.971888°E / 70.981667; 25.971888
Hospital restaurant Hammerfest sykehuskantine,[179] Hammerfest, Norway 70°40′22″N 23°40′21″E / 70.672703°N 23.672394°E / 70.672703; 23.672394
Chinese restaurant Dinner Restaurant,[180] Hammerfest, Norway 70°39′48″N 23°41′16″E / 70.663401°N 23.687695°E / 70.663401; 23.687695
Indian restaurant Indigo,[181] Vadsø, Norway 70°04′25″N 29°44′55″E / 70.073690°N 29.748658°E / 70.073690; 29.748658
Vegetarian restaurant Sivertsen Kafé,[182] Tromsø, Norway 69°39′06″N 18°57′16″E / 69.651779°N 18.954476°E / 69.651779; 18.954476
Irish pub Oliver's Corner,[183] Levi, Kittilä, Finland 67°48′18″N 24°48′22″E / 67.805113°N 24.806201°E / 67.805113; 24.806201
Truck stop Coldfoot, Alaska,[64] United States 67°15′N 150°10′E / 67.250°N 150.167°E / 67.250; 150.167 (Coordinates of Coldfoot, Alaska)

Factories[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Brewery Svalbard Bryggeri,[184] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Feed company Polarfeed AS,[185] Øksfjord, Norway 70°14′23″N 22°20′48″E / 70.239849°N 22.346790°E / 70.239849; 22.346790
Concrete factory Jaro AS,[186] Alta, Norway 69°57′48″N 23°21′22″E / 69.963283°N 23.356076°E / 69.963283; 23.356076
Chocolate factory Northern Delights AS,[187] Alta, Norway 69°57′39″N 23°13′38″E / 69.960859°N 23.227146°E / 69.960859; 23.227146
Syrup producer Reisa AS,[188] Sørkjosen, Norway 69°47′08″N 20°56′56″E / 69.785627°N 20.948877°E / 69.785627; 20.948877
Glass factory Blåst Glasshytta,[189] Tromsø, Troms, Norway 69°38′45″N 18°57′07″E / 69.645951°N 18.951922°E / 69.645951; 18.951922
Distillery AuroraSpirit AS,[190] Lyngseidet, Norway 69°34′27″N 20°13′09″E / 69.574269°N 20.219294°E / 69.574269; 20.219294
Cement factory Norcem AS,[191] Kjøpsvik, Norway 68°05′35″N 16°22′09″E / 68.093120°N 16.369060°E / 68.093120; 16.369060
Cable factory Nexans Norway AS,[192] Rognan, Norway 67°05′29″N 15°23′37″E / 67.091370°N 15.393615°E / 67.091370; 15.393615
Fertilizer company Yara Norge Glomfjord Fabrikker,[193] Glomfjord, Norway 66°48′59″N 13°56′26″E / 66.816425°N 13.940490°E / 66.816425; 13.940490
Sticker factory Pelloplast Oy,[194] Pello, Finland 66°47′33″N 24°00′17″E / 66.792525°N 24.004713°E / 66.792525; 24.004713
Whiskey distillery Myken Destilleri,[195] Myken, Helgeland, Norway 66°45′41″N 12°28′53″E / 66.761467°N 12.481389°E / 66.761467; 12.481389
Sledge factory BRP Finland Oy,[196] Rovaniemi, Finland 66°29′30″N 25°38′56″E / 66.491584°N 25.648752°E / 66.491584; 25.648752
Ceramics Factory Pentik,[197] Posio, Finland 66°06′47″N 28°10′53″E / 66.113073°N 28.181456°E / 66.113073; 28.181456
Paper mill Veitsiluoto,[198] Kemi, Finland 65°41′33″N 24°37′07″E / 65.692419°N 24.618635°E / 65.692419; 24.618635
Cell phone producer Bittium Oyj,[199] Oulu, Finland 65°03′30″N 25°27′11″E / 65.058206°N 25.453052°E / 65.058206; 25.453052
Gin producer Sangen Oy,[200] Oulu, Finland 65°03′26″N 25°27′31″E / 65.057195°N 25.458749°E / 65.057195; 25.458749
Brick factory Ylivieskan Tiili Oy,[201] Ylivieska, Finland 64°00′34″N 24°46′04″E / 64.009546°N 24.767748°E / 64.009546; 24.767748
Tractor factory Valtra Oy Ab,[202] Suolahti, Äänekoski, Finland 62°32′41″N 25°54′16″E / 62.544736°N 25.904517°E / 62.544736; 25.904517
Tire producer Nokian Tyres,[203] Nokia, Finland 61°28′32″N 23°30′32″E / 61.475459°N 23.508788°E / 61.475459; 23.508788
Sugar refinery Sucros Oy,[204] Säkylä, Finland 61°04′34″N 22°15′08″E / 61.076138°N 22.252231°E / 61.076138; 22.252231
Producer of down feather products Joutsen Finland Oy,[205] Riihimäki, Finland 60°45′33″N 24°46′48″E / 60.759085°N 24.779927°E / 60.759085; 24.779927
Clock factory Suunto Oy,[206] Vantaa, Finland 60°16′19″N 24°58′19″E / 60.271998°N 24.971822°E / 60.271998; 24.971822

Farming[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Banana Plantation Agricultural University of Iceland,[207] Hveragerði, Iceland 64°33′39″N 21°46′14″W / 64.560925°N 21.770693°W / 64.560925; -21.770693
Cornfield Kaikontarha,[208] Vehmersalmi, Kuopio, Finland 62°43′29″N 27°49′34″E / 62.724596°N 27.826237°E / 62.724596; 27.826237
Vineyard Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant, Finland [209] 61°14′N 21°26′E / 61.233°N 21.433°E / 61.233; 21.433 (Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant)
Oyster farm Kachemak Bay,[210] Alaska, United States 59°36′24″N 151°26′18″W / 59.606581°N 151.438422°W / 59.606581; -151.438422
Commercial vineyard Lerkekåsa Vineyard and Art Gallery,[211] Gvarv, Telemark, Norway 59°40′N 09°19′E / 59.667°N 9.317°E / 59.667; 9.317 (Lerkekåsa Vineyard)
Olive grove Anglesey, Wales, United Kingdom[212] 53°25′N 04°25′W / 53.417°N 4.417°W / 53.417; -4.417 (Calon Lân)

Other[edit]

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Webcam North Pole Environmental Observatory,[213][214] drifting on the Arctic Ocean's pack ice 84°06′N 2°00′E / 84.1°N 2°E / 84.1; 2 (Webcam at North Pole Environmental Observatory (August position)) (August, position varies)
Discovered dinosaur fossil Hadrasaurid fossil, [215] Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada 79°26′N 90°46′E / 79.433°N 90.767°E / 79.433; 90.767
Locomotive Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway [216] 78°55′N 11°56′E / 78.917°N 11.933°E / 78.917; 11.933 (Ny-Ålesund, Norway)
Sewage farm Kings Bay, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway [217] 78°55′N 11°56′E / 78.917°N 11.933°E / 78.917; 11.933 (Ny-Ålesund, Norway)
Piano Pyramiden, Svalbard, Norway [218] 78°41′N 16°24′E / 78.683°N 16.400°E / 78.683; 16.400 (Pyramiden (4 people), Norway)
Lenin statue Pyramiden, Svalbard, Norway [219] 78°41′N 16°24′E / 78.683°N 16.400°E / 78.683; 16.400 (Pyramiden (4 people), Norway)
Fire station Svalbard Fire Station,[220] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Call centre Svalcom,[221] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Mine Gruve 7,[222] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
News paper Svalbardposten,[223] Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E / 78.22°N 15.65°E / 78.22; 15.65 (coordinates of Longyearbyen)
Diplomatic mission Russian Consulate-General[224] in Barentsburg, on Spitsbergen, Norway[225] 78°04′N 014°13′E / 78.067°N 14.217°E / 78.067; 14.217 (Russian Consulate-General, Barentsburg)
U.S. military base Thule Air Base,[226] Thule, Greenland 76°31′59″N 68°42′23″W / 76.533021°N 68.706362°W / 76.533021; -68.706362
Known shipwreck Breadalbane, near Beechey Island, Nunavut, Canada [227][228] 74°41′N 91°50′W / 74.683°N 91.833°W / 74.683; -91.833 (Breadalbane)
Oil platform Goliat, Arctic Ocean[229] 71°39′N 25°53′E / 71.650°N 25.883°E / 71.650; 25.883
Totem pole Barrow, Alaska,[64] United States 71°17′N 156°47′W / 71.283°N 156.783°W / 71.283; -156.783 (Coordinates of Barrow, Alaska)
UNESCO world heritage site (natural) Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve,[230] Chukotka, Russia 71°08′N 179°15′W / 71.14°N 179.25°W / 71.14; -179.25
Mainland lighthouse Slettnes fyr,[231] Gamvik, Norway 71°05′22″N 28°13′07″E / 71.089379°N 28.218609°E / 71.089379; 28.218609
Fishing village Skarsvåg,[232] Norway 71°06′47″N 25°49′37″W / 71.11306°N 25.82694°W / 71.11306; -25.82694
Windmill park Havøygavelen windmill park,[233] Havøysund, Norway 71°00′19″N 24°35′39″E / 71.005185°N 24.594076°E / 71.005185; 24.594076
UNESCO world heritage site (cultural) Struve Geodetic Arc,[230] Hammerfest, Norway 70°40′N 23°39′E / 70.667°N 23.650°E / 70.667; 23.650 (Struve Geodetic Arc)
Refugee shelter Hammerfest, Norway [234] 70°39′N 23°41′E / 70.650°N 23.683°E / 70.650; 23.683 (Hammerfest, Norway) (coordinates of Hammerfest)
Fortress Vardøhus Fortress,[235] Vardø, Norway 70°22′20″N 31°5′40″E / 70.37222°N 31.09444°E / 70.37222; 31.09444 (Vardøhus Fortress)
Neurosurgical department University Hospital of North Norway[236] Tromsø, Troms, Norway 69°40′59″N 18°58′57″E / 69.682965°N 18.982489°E / 69.682965; 18.982489
Planetarium Northern Light Planetarium,[237] Tromsø, Troms, Norway 69°40′45″N 18°58′18″E / 69.679113°N 18.971710°E / 69.679113; 18.971710
Escape room Arctic Escape,[238] Tromsø, Troms, Norway 69°38′56″N 18°57′14″E / 69.648769°N 18.953888°E / 69.648769; 18.953888
Aquarium Polaria,[239] Tromsø, Troms, Norway 69°38′37″N 18°56′59″E / 69.643695°N 18.949787°E / 69.643695; 18.949787
Botanical garden Tromsø Botaniske Hage,[240] Tromsø, Troms, Norway[125] 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (Tromsø Botaniske Hage)
Zoo Bardu, Troms, Norway 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933 (Bardu, Norway)
Gay pride parade Tromsø Arctic Pride, Tromsø, Troms, Norway[241] 69°40′N 18°56′E / 69.667°N 18.933°E / 69.667; 18.933
Wildlife park Polar Park,[242] Bardu, Norway 68°41′29″N 18°06′36″E / 68.691272°N 18.110072°E / 68.691272; 18.110072
Car testing center White Hell,[243] Saariselkä, Inari, Finland 68°15′N 28°10′E / 68.250°N 28.167°E / 68.250; 28.167 (White Hell)
Nuclear Power Plant Bilibino,[244] Bilibino, Chukotka, Russia 68°03′05″N 166°32′24″E / 68.051407°N 166.540092°E / 68.051407; 166.540092
Passive house Sjunde huset,[245] Kiruna, Sweden 67°51′N 20°13′E / 67.850°N 20.217°E / 67.850; 20.217 (Sjunde huset)
Water amusement park Nordpoolen,[246] Boden, Sweden 65°49′26″N 21°42′01″E / 65.823821°N 21.700157°E / 65.823821; 21.700157
Girl Scout Council Fairbanks,[247] Alaska, United States 64°50′58″N 147°41′59″W / 64.849441°N 147.699847°W / 64.849441; -147.699847
Unesco Geopark Rokua,[248] Vaala, Finland 64°33′59″N 26°29′59″E / 64.566280°N 26.499754°E / 64.566280; 26.499754
Amusement park PowerPark,[249] Härmä, Kauhava, Finland 63°13′41″N 22°51′31″E / 63.228013°N 22.858622°E / 63.228013; 22.858622
Runestone Frösöstenen,[250] Frösö, Sweden 63°11′30″N 14°32′30″E / 63.19167°N 14.54167°E / 63.19167; 14.54167 (Frösöstenen)
Botanical butterfly garden Perhos-Botania,[251] Joensuu, Finland 62°36′09″N 29°43′26″E / 62.602495°N 29.723827°E / 62.602495; 29.723827
Medieval stone castle Olavinlinna, Savonlinna, Finland[252] 61°51′50″N 28°54′0″E / 61.86389°N 28.90000°E / 61.86389; 28.90000 (Medieval stone castle, Olavinlinna)
Dolphinarium Särkänniemi, Tampere, Finland [253] 61°30′19″N 023°44′38″E / 61.50528°N 23.74389°E / 61.50528; 23.74389 (Coordinates of Särkänniemi)
Skyscraper The Vysotsky Business Center,[254] Yekaterinburg, Russia 56°50′11″N 60°36′57″E / 56.836483°N 60.615843°E / 56.836483; 60.615843

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trucker Reaches $32,000 Level On Quiz Show". The Modesto Bee. January 2, 1957. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("Einfrank said correctly that the capital of the sovereign, independent nation located farthest north is Reykjavik, Iceland")
  2. ^ Guinness World Records 2003 p.128 (2003) (ISBN 978-0553586367)("The most northerly capital of a dependency is Nuuk")
  3. ^ a b Reynolds, Lindor (August 31, 2000). "Life is cold and hard and desolate at Alert, Nunavut". Guelph Mercury. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("Twice a year, the military resupply Alert, the world's northernmost settlement.")
  4. ^ Rosenthal, Elisabeth (March 3, 2008). "A Speck of Sunlight Is a Town’s Yearly Alarm Clock". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  ("this remote Arctic settlement — which bills itself as the northernmost town in the world ... The 2,000 inhabitants of Longyearbyen...")
  5. ^ "4. ЧИСЛЕННОСТЬ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РОССИИ, СУБЪЕКТОВ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В СОСТАВЕ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫХ ОКРУГОВ, РАЙОНОВ, ГОРОДСКИХ ПОСЕЛЕНИЙ, СЕЛЬСКИХ НАСЕЛЕННЫХ ПУНКТОВ – РАЙОННЫХ ЦЕНТРОВ И СЕЛЬСКИХ НАСЕЛЕННЫХ ПУНКТОВ С НАСЕЛЕНИЕМ 3 ТЫСЯЧИ И БОЛЕЕ ЧЕЛОВЕК". Perepis2002.ru. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  6. ^ Waldemar Januszczak (January 20, 2008). "Darker than it looks". London: The Times. Retrieved April 16, 2010.  ("Norilsk, in Siberia, is the northernmost city on the planet, and one of only two cities, the other being Yakutsk, in the permafrost zone inside the Arctic Circle.")
  7. ^ Jorma Mänty, & Norman Pressman. Cities designed for winter p.295 (1988) (ISBN 978-9516821675) ("Norilsk, the northernmost city in the world of over 100000 population")
  8. ^ a b "5. Численность населения России, федеральных округов, субъектов Российской Федерации, районов, городских населенных пунктов, сельских населенных пунктов – районных центров и сельских населенных пунктов с населением 3 тысячи человек и более" (PDF). Perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  9. ^ "Land Farthest North Is Kaffeklubben Island". The New York Times. June 15, 1969. Retrieved March 17, 2010.  ("Cartographers in north Greenland have found that Kaffeklubben Island is farther north than any previously known point of land.")
  10. ^ Lopes, Rosaly. The Volcano Adventure Guide p.14 (Cambridge University Press 2005) (ISBN 978-0521554534)
  11. ^ Harrison, Craig S. Seabirds of Hawaii: Natural History and Conservation p.18 (Cornell University Press 1990) (ISBN 978-0801497223)
  12. ^ Ikke-kommersielle bestander
  13. ^ http://frenchtribune.com/teneur/1319281-ice-melt-north-pole-forms-lake
  14. ^ http://psc.apl.washington.edu/northpole/WebCams.html
  15. ^ 1961-1990 temperatures
  16. ^ Rost Ii, Norway (Including Jan Mayen and Svalbard)
  17. ^ Maailman pohjoisin kraaterijärvi, Lappajärvi
  18. ^ Distribution of coral reefs
  19. ^ Flaggermus I Nord-Norge
  20. ^ Kurt Gron (April 26, 2007). "Japanese macaque Macaca fuscata". Primate Info Net. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 15 September 2009. 
  21. ^ "Viviparous lizard videos, photos and facts - Zootoca vivipara". ARKive. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  22. ^ Anadromy and smoltification in the world's northernmost fresh water fish species - See more at: https://uit.no/prosjekter/prosjekt?p_document_id=386022#sthash.MLbds1Dx.dpuf
  23. ^ State Nature Biosphere Reserve "Taymyrsky"
  24. ^ 22/01/2003 - Hyères-les-(ex)-Palmiers ?
  25. ^ arcticthule.com
  26. ^ Salicaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
  27. ^ Поспелова Е. Б., Поспелов И. Н. (October 30, 2010). "Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Rupr. — Лиственница Гмелина". Флора Таймыра (Информационно-справочная система). Archived from the original on 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  28. ^ Ash
  29. ^ BØK TIL GULV , MØBEL OG FINÉR
  30. ^ Elm
  31. ^ Holly
  32. ^ Hazel
  33. ^ Lime
  34. ^ Oak
  35. ^ Världens nordligaste
  36. ^ [1]
  37. ^ Dark Season Blues
  38. ^ High and hardcore
  39. ^ The World's Northernmost Jazz Festival: Polarjazz 2008 in Longyearbyen, Norway
  40. ^ Svalbard Museum
  41. ^ Verdens nordligste
  42. ^ Alta Soul & Blues Festival
  43. ^ Tromsø Symfoniorkester
  44. ^ [2]
  45. ^ Rimpparemmi
  46. ^ Maailman pohjoisimmat festivaalit
  47. ^ [3]
  48. ^ Maailman pohjoisimmat festivaalit
  49. ^ Tiesitkö tämän Kokkolasta?
  50. ^ Ukulele otti vauhtia lounaskonsertissa
  51. ^ "5 Pin Bowling at CFB Alert". 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  52. ^ Verdens nordligste sykkelritt enda nærmere Nordpolen
  53. ^ http://spitsbergenmarathon.no/
  54. ^ Världens nordligaste sim,gymnastikhall o Leninstaty på Svalbard
  55. ^ "Thunder on the Tundra" Lew Friedman
  56. ^ [4] Archived September 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  57. ^ "ESPN.com - E-Ticket: The Real Frozen Tundra". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  58. ^ Arctic Golfing
  59. ^ Sarves Alta alpinsenter
  60. ^ Tromsø Cricket Club
  61. ^ Ski Tromsø - Ski Resort and Snow Summary
  62. ^ Mulvaney, Kieran (2001). At the Ends of the Earth: A History of the Polar Regions. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 207. ISBN 1-55963-908-3. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  63. ^ [5]
  64. ^ a b c d e The Northernmost
  65. ^ Bodø Triatlon
  66. ^ Oulu Wakepark
  67. ^ Maailman pohjoisin padelkenttä Lumijoelle
  68. ^ Maailman pohjoisin maauimala vetää lähikuntien uimareita
  69. ^ [6]
  70. ^ [7]
  71. ^ [8]
  72. ^ Anglicans Online
  73. ^ [9]
  74. ^ Find a Church
  75. ^ Adventist Church Locator
  76. ^ [10]
  77. ^ The Northernmost Orthodox Church in the World
  78. ^ [11]
  79. ^ Northernmost United Methodist congregation thrives
  80. ^ [12]
  81. ^ Ham, Anthony; Butler, Stuart (2015). Norway. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 352. ISBN 9781742202075. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  82. ^ Contact us
  83. ^ [13]
  84. ^ Verdens nordligste
  85. ^ [14]
  86. ^ World's Northern Most Mosque
  87. ^ Alnor Senter Webpage
  88. ^ Всевышний да услышит. Картинки из мечети
  89. ^ NAC around the world
  90. ^ https://books.google.ru/books?id=qORECQAAQBAJ&pg=PT435
  91. ^ Synagogues at extreme latitudes
  92. ^ Eckankar around the World
  93. ^ Världens nordligaste tempel finns i Boden
  94. ^ Friends Meetings
  95. ^ Find a Congregation
  96. ^ Covens, Groups & Orgs - MAIN Index...
  97. ^ Hvorfor Munkeby?
  98. ^ Communities - Worldwide
  99. ^ [15]
  100. ^ World’s Northernmost Armenian Church Opens in Yakutsk
  101. ^ [16]
  102. ^ [17]
  103. ^ Daoist Organizations in North America
  104. ^ Find a Church
  105. ^ [18]
  106. ^ Find a Church
  107. ^ Provinces and assistancies
  108. ^ [19]
  109. ^ Presence in the world
  110. ^ FIND YOUR NEAREST SCIENTOLOGY ORGANIZATION
  111. ^ Confoederatio Benedictina Ordinis Sancti Benedicti
  112. ^ PHOTOS: List of Temples
  113. ^ [20]
  114. ^ WORLD'S NORTHERNMOST ROMAN TEMPLE IDENTIFIED NEAR HADRIAN'S WALL
  115. ^ Find us
  116. ^ Digamber Jain Temples Outside India
  117. ^ List of shrines outside Japan
  118. ^ Amish Settlements across America: 2013
  119. ^ [21]
  120. ^ Everything is northernmost here (Svalbard fieldwork, June 2013)Barnehage
  121. ^ "Learning in the freezer". 2007-08-26. 
  122. ^ UNIS website
  123. ^ Verdens nordligste IB-skole
  124. ^ Waldorf World List
  125. ^ a b "Norwegian outpost mix of books, booze". Reading Eagle. March 9, 1999. Retrieved March 16, 2010.  (regarding Tromsø, "this small Norwegian city has the most northerly university in the world, the most northerly cathedral and the most northerly botanical gardens.")
  126. ^ Welcome to the University of Tromsø!
  127. ^ World Deaf Directory - Deaf Schools
  128. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  129. ^ Världens nordligaste
  130. ^ Arctic Autorent Svalbard Bilutleie AS
  131. ^ Svalbard Images Longyearbyen Airport
  132. ^ The world's northernmost road ends
  133. ^ Merzagora, Eugenio A. (ed.). "Road Viaducts & Bridges in Norway (499-200 m)". Norske bruer og viadukter. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  134. ^ Kvalsund
  135. ^ "Gazprom extends Arctic railway". 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  136. ^ Raunio, Helena (12 October 2006). "Haaparanta–Tornion kaksoiskaupunki valmistuu". Tekniikka & Talous (in Finnish). Talentum Oyj. Retrieved 3 February 2009. 
  137. ^ Ajo-ohjeet
  138. ^ Last stop on the world’s northernmost tram
  139. ^ "Mellunkylän alueellinen kehittämissuunnitelma" (PDF) (in Finnish). City of Helsinki. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  140. ^ Welcome to CFS Alert
  141. ^ Gray, William (March 14, 2001). "Svalbard: To the back of beyond". London: Telegraph. Retrieved August 3, 2010. Nearby, at the polar research community of Ny-Alesund... cruise ship passengers scuttling ashore to mail cards from the world's most northerly post office. 
  142. ^ Verdens nordligste campingplass
  143. ^ "Total Solar Eclipse - Cottage - Longyearbyen". Airbnb. 
  144. ^ [22]
  145. ^ [23]
  146. ^ På besøk hos verdens nordligste kino
  147. ^ [24]
  148. ^ [25]
  149. ^ Wessel, Ben (August 26, 2008). "Svalbard, Norway". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 1, 2010. Longyearbyen is the world's northernmost town and boasts many other superlatives, such as the world's northernmost ATM... 
  150. ^ Daglig leder 2.0 søkes til verdens nordligste reklamebyrå
  151. ^ [26]
  152. ^ Sorrisniva Igloo Hotel
  153. ^ Maailman 10 syrjäisintä hotellia
  154. ^ Pohjoisin kylpylä
  155. ^ This is the World’s Northernmost Surf Shop
  156. ^ Lidl avasi asiakkailleen kahvipisteen Sodankylän myymälään
  157. ^ [27]
  158. ^ Maailman pohjoisin Holiday Inn® avautuu Tampereelle
  159. ^ "Northernmost Burger King in the world". 2011-06-11. 
  160. ^ "Find a Subway restaurant". 2016-01-17. 
  161. ^ "Queuing up for world's northernmost Big Mac". 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-07-02. 
  162. ^ [28]
  163. ^ [29]
  164. ^ [30]
  165. ^ [31]
  166. ^ [32]
  167. ^ [33]
  168. ^ [34]
  169. ^ [35]
  170. ^ [36]
  171. ^ Verdens nordligste
  172. ^ [37]
  173. ^ [38]
  174. ^ World's most northerly kebab shop opened
  175. ^ RUSSIAN RESTAURANTS AROUND THE WORLD*
  176. ^ Christensen, Neil Blair (2003). Inuit in cyberspace : embedding offline, identities online. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Pr. p. 62. ISBN 87-7289-723-6. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  177. ^ [39]
  178. ^ Nordkapp & Hammerfest
  179. ^ Nytraktet kaffe ved verdens nordligste sykehuskantine
  180. ^ [40]
  181. ^ [41]
  182. ^ [42]
  183. ^ Irish Pub Oliver´s Corner
  184. ^ Will Longyearbyen get the northernmost brewery in the world?
  185. ^ Verdens nordligste fôrselskap sertifisert
  186. ^ Verdens nordligste betongelement fabrikk
  187. ^ Camilla og sjokoladefabrikken
  188. ^ Verdens nordligste sirupsfabrikk
  189. ^ Blåst – The world’s northernmost glass blowers
  190. ^ Får verdens nordligste destilleri
  191. ^ Norcem Kjøpsvik
  192. ^ Hjørnesteinsbedrift på Rognan fyller 40
  193. ^ Gjødselproduksjon i Norge – viktig for norsk landbruk
  194. ^ Maailman pohjoisin tarratehdas
  195. ^ De lager verdens nordligste whisky
  196. ^ BRP järjestää ensimmäisen kerran yleisöpäivän
  197. ^ Pentik Mäki
  198. ^ A progressive supplier of notebooks for a digitised world
  199. ^ Suomessa tehdään 1 000 euron puhelinta – "Emme kerro missä"
  200. ^ Maailman pohjoisin gini tulee Suomesta
  201. ^ Tiileri tuntee tiilet
  202. ^ TERVETULOA Valtran traktoritehtaalle
  203. ^ Nokian Renkaat ja Valtra ajoivat uuden huiman traktorien maailman nopeusennätyksen – 130.165 km/h!
  204. ^ Päätös sokeritehtaan jatkosta toi makean hymyn naamalle
  205. ^ Joutsen Finland Oy
  206. ^ Maailman pohjoisin kellotehdas
  207. ^ [43]
  208. ^ Kaikontarhassa Vehmersalmella tuotetaan maailman pohjoisinta Ameriikan herkkua
  209. ^ Connolly, Kate (April 4, 2006). "Finns give nuclear plant a positive reaction". London: Telegraph. Retrieved April 26, 2011. In another energy-efficient move, the warm outlet water is circulated through a garden where water melons and Lithuanian grapes are grown and from which Olkiluoto wine is produced. 
  210. ^ Oysterater - Alaska
  211. ^ [44]
  212. ^ "First Welsh olive grove planted on Anglesey". Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  213. ^ North Pole Environmental Observatory
  214. ^ NOAA Arctic Theme page
  215. ^ The World's Northern-most Dinosaur
  216. ^ Verdens nordligste lokomotiv
  217. ^ Verdens nordligste kloakkrenseanlegg
  218. ^ http://www.regtien.info/pages/NorthernMostGrandPiano.html
  219. ^ A Soviet Ghost Town in the Arctic Circle, Pyramiden Stands Alone
  220. ^ Världens nordligaste
  221. ^ Svalbard får verdens nordligste callsenter
  222. ^ The world's northernmost mines
  223. ^ Rekordår for verdens nordligste lokalavis: 3,4 millioner sidevisninger for Svalbardposten i fjor
  224. ^ Consulate General of Russia in Barentsburg, Norway
  225. ^ Russian Embassy in Norway website
  226. ^ Thule Air Base
  227. ^ "Wreck of the HMS Breadalbane National Historic Site of Canada". Canada's Historic Places. Parks Canada. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  228. ^ "Archives & Special Collections". Ryerson.ca. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  229. ^ Oil starts pumping from world's northernmost rig
  230. ^ a b World Heritage List
  231. ^ World's Northernmost Mainland Lighthouse
  232. ^ Skarsvåg – The World's Most Northern Fishermen Village
  233. ^ Havøygavelen windmill park
  234. ^ [45]
  235. ^ Vardø - Finnmark County Millennium Capital
  236. ^ Neurosurgery at the University Hospital of North Norway: the history of the northernmost neurosurgical department in the world.
  237. ^ Mulvaney, Kieran (2001). At the Ends of the Earth: A History of the Polar Regions. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 207. ISBN 1-55963-908-3. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  238. ^ Arctic Escape – Verdens nordligste escape room
  239. ^ [46]
  240. ^ Tromsø botaniske hage
  241. ^ Verdens nordligste pridefestival
  242. ^ The World´s Northernmost Wildlife Park
  243. ^ Flat Out At White Hell, The Northernmost Car Testing Center In The World
  244. ^ Bilibino - northernmost nuclear power plant in the world
  245. ^ Världens nordligaste passivhus nominerat till Årets Bygge
  246. ^ [47]
  247. ^ [48]
  248. ^ Rokua - Maailman pohjoisin UNESCO:n Geopark
  249. ^ [49]
  250. ^ Runstenen - Världens nordligaste
  251. ^ [50]
  252. ^ [51] Archived December 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  253. ^ "Splash!". Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  254. ^ [52]