Nurkhon Yuldashkhojayeva

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Nurkhon Yuldashkhojayeva
Statue of Nurkhon.png
Native name
Nurxon Yoʻldoshxoʻjayeva
Нурхон Йўлдошхўжаева
Born1913
Margilan, Russian Turkestan (present-day Uzbekistan)
DiedJuly 1, 1929 (aged 16)
Margilan, Uzbek SSR
Cause of deathStabbed in an honor killing
MonumentsStatue dedicated in 1960's but removed shortly after Uzbekistan gained independence
OccupationDancer, actress
Known forRemoving veil in public

Nurkhon Yuldashkhojayeva[1] (Uzbek: Nurxon Yoʻldoshxoʻjayeva, often anglicized as Nurkhon Yuldasheva) was one of the first Uzbek women to dance onstage without the traditional Islamic veil.[2] She was born in 1913 in Margilan, a city in Fergana Province and was murdered in an honor killing in 1929.[3]

Honor killing[edit]

Nurkhon ran away from home at a young age to join a Russian dance troupe.[4] Her colleagues there included the future People's Artist of the USSR Tamara Khanum and the future People’s Artist of Uzbekistan Gavkhar Rakhimova. Shortly after joining the group, on 8 March 1928 she and another dancer went onstage and publicly removed their face-veils. When the dance troupe was visiting her hometown of Margilan she decided to visit her family. Her aunt brought her into the house, and told her that her brother was looking for her. He then stabbed her to death, and immediately confessed to the crime after police arrived at the scene.[5] He had admitted that the murder was premeditated, at the insistence of their father Salimxoʻja, the ming-boshi and mullah Kamal G'iasov, who made him swear on the Koran to kill her.[6] The day after her death a massive funeral was held in the public square. Thousands of people attended the memorial, and women threw off their face-veils in front of her coffin.[5] Salixoʻja and Salimxoʻja were eventually tried and executed for their role in the murder, and the ming-boshi and mullah were exiled.[6]

Aftermath[edit]

After her death she was honored by the authorities of the USSR as a courageous Soviet role model and martyr, similar to that of Tursunoy Saidazimova. A statue of Nurkhon[7] was built and placed in Margilan in front of the House of Culture. Made by sculptor Valentin Klebanov in 1967,[8] Nurkhon's statue was taken down shortly after the disestablishment of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991;[9] A monument to a young woman representing the struggle for feminine emancipation was considered immoral in post-Soviet Uzbekistan.[1] In the city of Ferghana there is a cinema that still bears her name though, the "Nurkhon" cinema.[10]

Nurkhon became the heroine of a Soviet musical play by Kamil Yashin popular throughout the mid 20th century.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ouzbékistan: Samarcande, Boukhara, Khiva {fr}. Books.google.co.th. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  2. ^ Victor Vitkovich (1954). A Tour Of Soviet Uzbekistan.
  3. ^ National Encyclopedia of Uzbekistan (OʻzME). Birinchi jild. Tashkent, 2000 link
  4. ^ Rubin, Don (1999-04-30). World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre. Books.google.co.th. p. 458. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  5. ^ a b "Женщина и свобода в выборе одежды". Anhor.uz (in Russian). 16 January 2017. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  6. ^ a b Kamp, Marianne (2011-10-01). The New Woman in Uzbekistan: Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling under Communism. University of Washington Press. p. 206. ISBN 9780295802473.
  7. ^ Picture of the statue - Boy Looks up at Statue of Nurkhon
  8. ^ "SCULPTORS". O'ZBEKISTON HAYKALTAROSHLIGI.
  9. ^ Colin Thubron, The Lost Heart of Asia. Heinemann, 1994
  10. ^ ""Days of the Uzbek National Cinema Arts" held in Margilan". Uzdaily.com. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  11. ^ "Great Soviet Encyclopedia {ru}". Bse.sci-lib.com. 2007-07-08. Retrieved 2010-09-12.