In most news stories, the essential facts of a story are included in the lead, the first sentence or two of the story. Good leads try to answer who, what, when, where, why, and how as quickly as possible.
The nut graph, which often will start in the third, fourth, or fifth paragraph, will explain any additional context for why the story is important. For example, if the news story concerns a candidate for an upcoming election, the nut graph will state when the election is and may expand upon issues of the election. If the new story is part of an ongoing story, the nut graph will likely summarize other recent events related to the newest revelations.
- Scanlan, Chip (May 20, 2003). "The Nut Graf, Part I". PoynterOnline. St. Petersburg, FL: Poynter Institute. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- Scanlan, Chip (May 21, 2003). "The Nut Graf and Breaking News". PoynterOnline. St. Petersburg, FL: Poynter Institute. Retrieved November 13, 2009.