The name "Nzulezo" in the Nzema language means "water surface", and is a village on stilts of "Ewuture" origin situated close to the northwest shore. The "Ewuture" maintained the waterways and transportation of goods and people. According to local legend, the village was built by a group of people from Oualata, a city in the ancient Ghana Empire and in present-day Mauritania, which came about from following a snail. The snail is therefore a totem and revered by the people of Nzulezo.
Nzulezu was built over Lake Tadane. The settlement of Nzulezo consists of stilt-supported structures.
The reason Nzulezo was built over water was for protection and safety during attacks in times of war since it lies five miles inland of the Southwest shores. The main activities of its inhabitants is agriculture, while fishery plays a secondary role. The lake is perceived by the local population to protect against certain risks (e.g. a fire).
There is a primary school and after primary school learners have to leave the village to go for secondary schools and universities.
World Heritage Status
The village was nominated to become a World Heritage Site for its importance in anthropology: in addition to being one of the few ancient settlements on stilts and platforms left in the world, there is a preserved wealth of local traditions connected with the cult of the lake. Lake Tadane occurs on the banks of all religious rites, and Thursday, is a day sacred to the lake, and it is forbidden to use and work on the lake for any activity throughout the day of Thursday.
In recent times the village has been opened to tourism, but with certain constraints (visitations are allowed only once a week). The village can be reached only by a canoe; the route, which crosses the rain forest, takes about an hour to 5 km away. In the village there is a church and a school. As the village is extremely isolated, Nzulezo suffers from numerous health problems, including the vast spread of malaria.
- Ankasa Nature Reserve
- Fort Apollonia
- Childhood home of Kwame Nkrumah, the first president of an independent Ghana
- Nzulezu Stilt Settlement - UNESCO World Heritage Centre Retrieved on 2009-03-26.
- Valsecchi, Pierluigi (2011). Power and state formation in West Africa : Appolonia from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Allan Cameron. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-37069-2. OCLC 892799728.
- "Nzulezo Stilt Village". touringghana.com. 2016-03-21. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- Aisha Salaudeen and Rachel Wood. "Ghana's floating village is trying to balance its ancient traditions in a modern world". CNN. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
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