Objection (argument)

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Refutation on Graham's Hierarchy of Disagreement

In argumentation, an objection is a reason arguing against a premise, argument, or conclusion. Definitions of objection vary in whether an objection is always an argument (or counterargument) or may include other moves such as questioning.[1]

An objection to an objection is sometimes known as a rebuttal.[2]

An objection can be issued against an argument retroactively from the point of reference of that argument. This form of objection – invented by the presocratic philosopher Parmenides – is commonly referred to as a retroactive refutation.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Douglas Walton (2013). Methods of Argumentation. p. 59. ISBN 1107435196.
  2. ^ Arnaud Chevallier (2016). Strategic Thinking in Complex Problem Solving. p. 93. ISBN 0190463910.
  3. ^ Palmer, John. "Parmenides". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 5 January 2020.