Odienné

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Odienné
Town, sub-prefecture, and commune
Odienné Boundiali Korhogo.svg
Odienné is located in Ivory Coast
Odienné
Odienné
Location in Ivory Coast
Coordinates: 9°30′N 7°34′W / 9.500°N 7.567°W / 9.500; -7.567Coordinates: 9°30′N 7°34′W / 9.500°N 7.567°W / 9.500; -7.567
Country  Ivory Coast
District Denguélé
Region Kabadougou
Department Odienné Department
Elevation[1] 437 m (1,434 ft)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Total 50,506
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Odienné is a town in northwestern Ivory Coast. It is the seat of both Denguélé District and Kabadougou Region. It is also a commune and the seat of and a sub-prefecture of Odienné Department.

The town of Odienné was founded by Malinké people under Vakaba Touré. Later, Samory Touré founded a support base in the town. Features of Odienné include a large mosque and nearby gold mines. Vakaba Touré's tomb is located in Odienné also.[3]

The town is served by Odienné Airport.[4] The Stade Municipal is a multi-purpose stadium in the town.[5] St. Augustine Cathedral serves as the cathedral and headquarters for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Odienné, of which Antoine Koné is the bishop.[6][7]

History[edit]

It is thought that the area surrounding Odienné was first settled by the Senufo people and the Mandinka people. The founding of the town is credited to Vakaba Touré (1800–58), who also founded the Kabadougou Empire, of which Odienné was the capital. The French explorer René Caillié visited Odienné in 1827.[8] In 1898, during the French occupation of Cote d'Ivoire, a military post was established south of Odienné.[1] During the First Ivorian Civil War, Odienné was a Forces Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire stronghold. Its remote location meant that the town was somewhat peaceful during the war compared to other Ivorian towns.[3]

Economy[edit]

Odienné relies on agriculture as its main industry. Fruits, cashews, yams, and cotton is grown in fields located in the Massif du Dienguélé valley.[8] The town houses a rice-processing plant and manganese is also produced in the area.[9]

Sports[edit]

Stade Municipal is the primary stadium in Odienné,[5] and houses AS Denguélé, the main football club, which currently plays in the Ligue 1 division.[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Odienné
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
35.6
(96.1)
35.3
(95.5)
34.9
(94.8)
33.2
(91.8)
31.3
(88.3)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
30.2
(86.4)
29.9
(85.8)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
27.1
(80.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.4
(83.1)
27.3
(81.1)
25.8
(78.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
23.3
(73.9)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
18.4
(65.1)
21.3
(70.3)
22.3
(72.1)
21.9
(71.4)
20.9
(69.6)
20.5
(68.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
19.8
(67.6)
18.2
(64.8)
14.8
(58.6)
19.5
(67.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.0
(1.693)
10.6
(0.417)
33.4
(1.315)
78.9
(3.106)
118.8
(4.677)
153.4
(6.039)
283.5
(11.161)
342.2
(13.472)
251.2
(9.89)
140.6
(5.535)
31.5
(1.24)
13.6
(0.535)
1,500.7
(59.083)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 242.0 220.2 217.3 214.7 248.8 221.8 183.5 174.5 185.4 235.8 252.0 242.6 2,638.6
Source: NOAA[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ambe Njoh (24 January 2007). Planning Power: Town Planning and Social Control in Colonial Africa. CRC Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-135-39160-7. 
  2. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". geohive.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Tom Sykes (25 July 2016). Ivory Coast. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-78477-004-4. 
  4. ^ "(KEO) Odienne Airport". FlightStats. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Côte d'Ivoire/ Ligue 1 : La SOA surprise à Yamoussoukro par l'AS Denguélé d'Odienné | Côte d'Ivoire / AIP". aip.ci (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Pentecôte: Dominique Ouattara à la Cathédrale St Augustin d'Odienné". Abidjan.net. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Cheney, David M. "Odienné (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Tom Sykes (25 July 2016). Ivory Coast. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 191. ISBN 978-1-78477-004-4. 
  9. ^ "Odienne | Cote d'Ivoire". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Le Denguélé d'Odienné, nouveau leader de la Ligue 1 ivoirienne de football". Abidjan.net. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Odienné–Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 21, 2015.