Eudes de Sully

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Illustration of head of Bishop Eudes
Bishop Eudes

Odo of Sully, (French: Eudes de Sully, Odon de Sully, Odo de Sully; Latin: Odo de Solleiro, Odo de Soliaco)[1][2] (died 1208) was Bishop of Paris, from 1197 to 1208. He is considered to be the first to have put emphasis on the Elevation liturgy during the Catholic Mass. He worked to address many social matters including regulating celebrations in his cathedral. He also tried to ban chess. He founded the abbey that became Port-Royal.


On the political stage, he came into conflict with French king, Philip Augustus, over Philip's intended repudiation of his wife.[3]

As a churchman, he continued the building work on Notre Dame de Paris. He is considered the first to have emphasized the elevation of the host during the Catholic Mass.[4] In 1175, he forbade communion for children.[5] Odo's decree on custody of reserved hosts, requiring a "clean pyx", was influential in England.

In surviving decrees, he, as bishop, is seen addressing a number of social matters. He attempted to regulate celebrations in his cathedral,[6] Christmas[7] and the Feast of Fools.[8] He also tried to ban chess.[9]

He is also known for his promotion of polyphony in church, and the music of Pérotin.[10]

He was a founder of the abbey that became Port-Royal.[11]


Descended from William the Conqueror, his brother Henry de Sully was archbishop of Bourges. Their father, also Eudes of Sully, was son of William of Blois, lord of Sully.[12]

His predecessor, Maurice de Sully, was not a close family connection.


Eudes' synodal decrees appear in volume 22 of Giovanni Domenico Mansi's Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio , 53 vols., Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlangsanstalt, 1961. More recently Odette Pontal produced a critical edition of these statutes in Les statuts synodaux Français du XIIIe siècle. Tome 1: Les Statuts de Paris et le synodal de l'ouest. Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1971.

  • Cheney, C. R., English Synodalia, London, Oxford University Press, 1968, discussing the impact of these statutes in England.


  1. ^ Odo de Soliaco, VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)
  2. ^ EUDES de Sully: The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Henricus...frater Odo cantor Bituricensis in episcopum Parisiensem, post magistrum Mauritium eligitur" in 1196, specifying that they were both brothers of "Egidii de Solleiro"
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Goyau, Pierre-Louis-Théophile-Georges (1911). "Paris" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Thurston, Herbert (1909). "The Elevation" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  5. ^ History Of The Christian Church*
  6. ^ PDF, p. 174, against mummers, maskers and excessive bell-ringing.
  7. ^ Ensemble Anonymus — Tempus Festorum Archived 2007-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Thurston, Herbert (1909). "Feast of Fools" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chess" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 102.
  10. ^ [1], in French, 1198.
  11. ^ PDF
  12. ^ Cawley, Charles, Central France, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]

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