Offa of Essex

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Offa was King of Essex until 709, when he abdicated in order that he may take up life in a monastery in Rome along with Cenred, King of Mercia. He was the son of Sigeheard of Essex, and, according to some sources, St. Osyth, (though Bede, a contemporary, makes no mention of her).[citation needed]

In his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, Bede described him as "a youth of most lovely age and beauty, and most earnestly desired by all his nation to be their king. He, with like devotion, quit his wife, lands, kindred and country, for Christ and for the Gospel, that he might receive an hundredfold in this life, and in the world to Come life everlasting. He also, when they came to the holy places at Rome, receiving the tonsure, and adopting a monastic life, attained the long wished-for sight of the blessed apostles in heaven." [1]

A charter related to land in Warwickshire (S64) is attributed to him, although in it he is described as King of Mercia rather than Essex.[2] This may be an inaccurate copy based on an authentic charter by Cenred of Mercia.[3] There is a (probably authentic) lost charter (S1784) in which Offa grants land in Hemel Hempstead to the bishop of London.[citation needed]

He was succeeded by Saelred of Essex.

Preceded by
Sigeheard and Swaefred
King of Essex
? – c.709
Succeeded by


  1. ^ Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation, Book V
  2. ^ PH Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters (Royal Historical Society, 1968)
  3. ^ Electronic Sawyer