Oil purification (transformer, turbine, industrial, etc.) removes oil contaminants in order to prolong oil service life.
Contaminants of industrial oils
Contaminants and various impurities get into industrial oils during storage and operation. The most common contaminants are:
- solid particles;
- asphalt-resinous paraffin deposits;
- oil sludge;
- organometallic compounds;
- unsaturated hydrocarbons;
- polyaromatic hydrocarbons;
- additive remains;
- products of oil decomposition.
Methods of oil purification
Industrial oils are purified through sedimentation, filtration, centrifugation, vacuum treatment and adsorption purification.
Centrifugation is separation of oil and water, or oil and solid particles by centrifugal forces.
Vacuum treatment degasses and dehydrates industrial oil. This method is well suited for removing dispersed and dissolved water, as well as dissolved gases.
Adsorption purification, in contrast to the methods mentioned above, does not remove solid particles and gases, but it shows good results at removing water, oil sludge and aging products. This process uses adsorbents of natural or artificial origin: bleaching clays, synthetic aluminosilicates, silica gels, zeolites, etc.
The difference between purification and regeneration of industrial oil
Often the terms "oil purification" and "oil regeneration" are used synonymously. Although in fact they are not the same. Oil purification cleans oil from contaminants. it can be used independently or as a part of oil regeneration. Oil regeneration also removes aging products (with the help of adsorbents) and stabilizes oil with additives. Regenerated oil is clean from carcinogenic products of oil aging and stabilized with the help of additives.
- Hydraulic oil filtration. A Publication of the Lubrication Engineers Technical Department. Number 62.
- Classic Ways of Used Oil Purification.
- M.M. Khudhair, T. M. Hameed, H.A. Alameer (June 2017). Using Vacuum Distillation Technique to Treat Waste Lubricating Oil and Evaluation its Efficiency by Chromatographic Methods. Journal of Al-Nahrain University. Volume 20(2). pp. 17-24.