Harriet Mann Miller
|Harriet Mann Miller|
Harriet Mann Miller
June 25, 1831|
Auburn, New York
|Died||December 25, 1918
Los Angeles, California
|Pen name||Olive Thorne Miller|
Harriet Mann Miller (25 June 1831 – 25 December 1918), also known under the pseudonym Olive Thorne Miller, was an American naturalist, ornithologist and children's writer.
Harriet was the eldest of four children born to Seth Hunt Mann and Mary Field (Holbrook) Mann in Auburn, New York on 25 June 1831. Miller began writing in childhood. When Harriet was eleven years old, the Mann family moved to Ohio, where she attended private schools for five years.
In 1854 she married Watts Todd Miller, and the couple would have four children. From 1858 and 1869 she put aside writing in order to raise her children. The couple lived in Chicago, Illinois, and after about 1875, in Brooklyn, New York.
Miller's first article for children, on the making of china, was published in 1870. She went on to publish 375 articles in religious weeklies and other publications, among them Harper's Weekly, St. Nicholas Magazine, and The Chicago Tribune. Her first book about nature, Little Folks in Feathers and Fur, and Others in Neither, appeared in the mid-1870s. Her first use of the pseudonym Olive Thorne Miller was in 1879.
In 1880 she became an avid bird watcher, introduced to the study of birds by Sara A. Hubbard, director of the Illinois Audubon Society. Miller studied captive birds, as well as birds in the wild in a series of field trips across the country during the period 1883–1903. The first of eleven bird-related books, Bird Ways, appeared in 1885. In addition to writing on birds and their behavior, she contributed to the journal of the Audubon Society. She was a proponent of the movement to prevent hunting of birds for use of their plumes in the millinery trade. In 1901, along with Mabel Osgood Wright and Florence Merriam Bailey, Miller became one of the first three women raised to elective membership in the American Ornithologists' Union.
Across her writing career, Miller produced an estimated 780 articles, one booklet on birds, and 24 complete books. Her work was acknowledged by professional biologists for its highly accurate research and observation.
- Sick and in Prison (1873)
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1875). Little Folks in Feathers and Fur, and Others in Neither. Hartford, CT: Dustin, Gilman & Co. As Olive Thorne.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1880). Queer Pets at Marcy's. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton & Company. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.59904. As Olive Thorne Miller. Illustrated by J. C. Beard.
- Nimpo's Troubles (1880)
- The Bird of Solitude (1884)
- A Bit of Bird-life (1885)
- A Ruffian in Feathers (1885)
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1885). Bird-ways. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.33006. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Queer Pets and their Doings (1885)
- Flutterbudget (1887)
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1888). In Nesting Time. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.60272. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- The Woman's Club: a Practical Guide and Hand-book (1891)
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1892). Funny Friends; Or, Queer Pets at Marcy's. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton & Company. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.59793. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1892). Little Brothers of the Air. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.60361. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1894). A Bird-lover in the West. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.32874. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1894). Our Home Pets: How to Keep Them Well and Happy. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.20266. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1896). Four-handed Folk. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.98378. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1897). Upon the Tree-tops. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.12525. As Olive Thorne Miller. Illustrated by J. Carter Beard.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1899). The First Book of Birds. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.13738. As Olive Thorne Miller. With eight colored and twelve plain plates and twenty figures in the text.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1901). The Second Book of Birds: Bird Families. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.13734. As Olive Thorne Miller. With eight colored plates from designs by Louis Agassiz Fuertes, and sixteen other full-page illustrations.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1903). True Bird Stories from My Note-books. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.60284. As Olive Thorne Miller. With illustrations by Louis Agassiz Fuertes.
- Miller, Harriet Mann (1904). With the Birds in Maine. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.23151. As Olive Thorne Miller.
- Kristy's Surprise Party (1905)
- What Happened to Barbara (1907)
- The Children's Book of Birds (1915)
- Solomon, Geri E. (1997). "Miller, Harriet Mann". In Sterling, Keir B.; Harmond, Richard P.; Cevasco, George A.; Hammond, Lorne F. Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-23047-1.
- Bailey (1919), pp. 163–164.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey; Harvey, Joy D. (2000), The biographical dictionary of women in science, L – Z, 2, Taylor & Francis, p. 897, ISBN 041592040X.
- Bailey (1919), p. 165.
- Anderson, Lorraine; Edwards, Thomas S. (2002), At Home on This Earth: Two Centuries of U. S. Women's Nature Writing, UPNE, p. 54, ISBN 1584651938.
- Weeks, Linton. "Hats off to women who saved the birds". NPR.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Bailey (1919), p. 166.
- Merchant, Carolyn (2005), The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History, Columbia University Press, p. 225, ISBN 0231505841.
- Sage, John H. (January 1902). "Nineteenth Congress of the American Ornithologists' Union" (PDF). The Auk. 19 (1): 64–69. doi:10.2307/4069208. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Bailey (1919), p. 168.
- Bailey, Florence Merriam (April 1919). "Mrs. Olive Thorne Miller". The Auk. 36 (2): 163–169. doi:10.2307/4073034. JSTOR 4073034.
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