Among other discoveries, Olivier Chesneau discovered the "peanut star" HR 5171, the fact that novae explode with a hourglass shape already a few days after outburst (e.g. RS Ophiuchi), or the detection of disks in the heart of planetary nebulae.
- Josué Jean-Bart (2014-05-20). "Olivier Chesneau a rejoint ses étoiles" [Olivier Chesneau has joined his stars]. Ouest France (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- Chesneau, O.; A. Meilland; E. Chapellier; F. Millour; et al. (2014). "The yellow hypergiant HR 5171 A: Resolving a massive interacting binary in the common envelope phase". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 563: A71. arXiv: . Bibcode:2014A&A...563A..71C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322421. ISSN 0004-6361.
- "AMBER first results".
- "The ant nebula".