Omer Pasha Vrioni II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Omer Pasha Vrioni II
Omar Pasha Vrioni II of Berat.jpg
Personal details
Born1839
Berat, Ottoman Empire
Died1928
Known forMember of Vrioni family
League of Prizren
Foundation of Fier, Albania

Omer Pasha Vrioni II (1839–1928), also referred as Omer or Omar, was an Albanian ruler from one of the most powerful Albanian families of the 19th century.

Biography[edit]

Omer Pasha was a member of the Vrioni landowning family of Berat, Fier and Myzeqe, formerly regions of the Ottoman Vilayet of Yannina, presently in Albania.

He was the founder of the city of Fier in 1864 together with his son, Kahreman Pasha Vrioni (1889-1955).[1]

Vrioni participated as member of the Albanian League of Prizren in 1878,[1] an Albanian endeavor for autonomy opposing the decision of the Treaty of San Stefano and Treaty of Berlin, an important milestone of the Albanian National Awakening that lead to country's Independence in 1912. Vrioni, along with several other Albanian league leaders were arrested in Preveza and deported to the Dardanelles in 1882 after being invited by Mustafa Assim Pasha, the Ottoman governor general of Yanina to meet with him.[2]

Vrioni was among the contributors to the first Albanian teachers' school, the Shkolla Normale e Elbasanit, a teacher training institution that was founded on 1 December 1909 in Elbasan.[3]

Omar Pasha was the father of Sami Bey Vrioni, Albanian politician and delegate at the Assembly of Vlora of 1912 where the Independence was proclaimed.[4][5]

He was elected member of Albanian High Council of Regency as a representative of the Bektashi community in December 1921, but then resigned as a sign of opposition to Ahmet Zogu and his clan.[1]

Political Offices[edit]

Great Achievements[edit]

  • Founder of the city of Fier in 1864.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Robert Elsie (December 24, 2012), A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History, I. B. Tauris, p. 478, ISBN 978-1780764313
  2. ^ Skendi, Stavro (1967). The Albanian national awakening. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 107. ISBN 9781400847761.
  3. ^ Xhevat Lloshi (2008). Rreth ALFABETIT Të Shqipes. Logos-A. p. 76. ISBN 978-9989-58-268-4. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  4. ^ Aubrey Herbert (June 15, 2011). Bejtullah Destani, Jason Tomes, ed. Albania's Greatest Friend: Aubrey Herbert and the Making of Modern Albania: Diaries and Papers 1904-1923. I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1848854444.
  5. ^ Michael Schmidt-Neke (16 November 1987). Entstehung und Ausbau der Königsdiktatur in Albanien (1912-1939): Regierungsbildungen, Herrschaftsweise und Machteliten in einem jungen Balkanstaat. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. p. 320. ISBN 978-3486543216.