One Tambon One Product
One Tambon One Product (OTOP) is a local entrepreneurship stimulus program designed by Thailand's former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra during his 2001-2006 Thai Rak Thai government. The program aimed to support locally made and marketed products of each of Thailand's 7,255 tambons (sub-district). Drawing its inspiration from Japan's successful One Village One Product (OVOP) program, the OTOP program encourages village communities to improve the quality and marketing of local products, selecting one superior product from each tambon to receive formal branding as its "starred OTOP product". It provides both a local and national stage to the promote these products. OTOP includes a large array of local products, including traditional handicrafts, cotton and silk garments, pottery, fashion accessories, household items, and foods. After a military junta overthrew Thaksin's government in 2006 following an election cancelled for irregularities, the OTOP program was cancelled. However, it was soon revived and rebranded.
The One Tambon One Product movement is a self-help effort wherein rural communities participate in the creation of a product that can be sold locally and internationally.
Management and organization
There are 36,000 OTOP groups in Thailand, each having between 30 and 3,000 members. Sakda Siridechakul, president of Chiang Mai's OTOP association noted, "OTOP has helped spread income to many people in the villages. It has allowed people producing handicrafts to feel they are part of the global economy."
The government allocated an 8.3 billion baht budget to the CDD to stimulate community tourism in 3,273 villages across the country between April–September 2018. Among the program's aims are to develop at least 64,570 new OTOP items with an average annual sales growth of at least 10 percent.
OTOP Product Champion
One of the mechanisms to promote and support the development of Thai OTOP products is the "Product Champion" (OPC). Besides setting up OTOP communities and small to medium enterprises (SME), a seminar called "Smart OTOP" has now provided more than 26,600 participants advice in improving their skills and knowledge in order to develop better products. The number of participants increases each year.
A rating system for OTOP products is followed, the highest being five stars. At last count, there were 569 five-star products.
- "What is OTOP?". Royal Thai Embassy Singapore. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- Thaitrakulpanich, Asaree (14 August 2017). "DESIGNERS TAKE OTOP PRODUCTS FROM NOPE TO DOPE". Khaosod English. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- Khongsawatkiat, Kittiphun (July–December 2002). "Isan Studies: 'One Tambon, One Product'; A Government Policy Recovers Farmers' Debts and Fragile Rural Sector in Northeastern of Thailand". Kasem Bundit. 3 (2).
- "About Us". Community Development Department (CDD). Ministry of Interior. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- Wancharoen, Supoj (15 May 2018). "Villages go all out to charm tourists". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Theparat, Chatrudee (6 February 2020). "State to upgrade over 20 Otop villages". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- "OTOP 5 Star Products". OTOP5Star. Community Development Department. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- ThaiTambon.com, a database of tambons and OTOP products