Orange-spotted bulbul

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Orange-spotted bulbul
Orange-spotted Bulbul - Gunung Gede MG 4344 (29364144760).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. bimaculatus
Binomial name
Pycnonotus bimaculatus
(Horsfield, 1821)
Pycnonotus bimaculatus distribution map.png
Synonyms
  • Turdus bimaculatus

The orange-spotted bulbul (Pycnonotus bimaculatus) is a species of songbird in the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is endemic to Java, Bali and Sumatra.

It favors forest edges and open meadows in montane forests.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The orange-spotted bulbul was originally described in the genus Turdus by Thomas Horsfield in 1821. Until 2016, the Aceh bulbul was considered as a subspecies of the orange-spotted bulbul until split by the IOC.[3] Most other authorities have not yet recognized this split.[4]

Subspecies[edit]

Two subspecies are recognized:[5]

  • P. b. bimaculatus - (Horsfield, 1821): Found on south-western Sumatra, western and central Java
  • P. b. tenggerensis - (van Oort, 1911): Found on eastern Java and Bali

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pycnonotus bimaculatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T103828414A94344693. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103828414A94344693.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ MacKinnon, John; Karen Phillips (1993). A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 273.
  3. ^ "Species Updates « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
  4. ^ "Pycnonotus snouckaerti - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
  5. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-28.