Oreste Scalzone

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Oreste Scalzone

Oreste Scalzone (born 26 January 1947) is an Italian Marxist intellectual and one of the founders of the communist organization Potere Operaio.[1]

Scalzone was born in Terni, Umbria. In 1968 he came to know Franco Piperno, and on 1 March that year he took part in the clashes against Italian police at Valle Giulia. A few days later his vertebral column was seriously injured by a desk thrown from a window by neofascist students, mostly belonging to the Italian Social Movement, that were occupying the faculty of Law of the University La Sapienza in Rome.[1] About the 1968 movement, he said:

With Piperno and Toni Negri, he founded Potere Operaio in 1969. On 7 April 1979 he was arrested, along with Negri, Piperno and others members of the autonomist movement, and accused of planning armed attacks and plotting to overthrow the government.[1] In 1981 he managed to flee first to Denmark, then to Paris,[1][3] where he remained protected from extradition thanks to the Mitterrand doctrine.[4] Scalzone revealed that his escape was helped by actor and friend Gian Maria Volontè.[5] In 1983 he was sentenced to 16 years' jail, reduced to nine in 1989.[1] While in France, Scalzone worked for a political solution to the "Years of Lead" that could lead to an amnesty to political refugees and prisoners.[3][6]

In 1998 he briefly and secretly came back to Italy passing through Corsica: a photographic service by the newsmagazine L'Espresso later revealed the episode.[1]

In 2002 he went on hunger strike in protest against the extradition of Paolo Persichetti.[4]

A 17 January 2007 ruling of the Court of Milan declared his crimes ("subversive association and member of an armed organization") prescribed.[3][7] He announced he had come back to Italy to "fight, under new conditions, an old battle".[3]

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  1. ^ a b c d e f "Da Potere Operaio alla fuga in Francia Gli Anni di piombo di Oreste Scalzone". La Repubblica. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Balestrini, Nanni (2003). L'orda d'oro: 1968-1977 : la grande ondata rivoluzionaria e creativa ... Feltrinelli. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Scalzone: torno in Italia per nuove battaglie". Corriere della Sera. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "La sfida di Scalzone: "Sciopero della fame, estradate anche me"". Corriere della Sera. 26 August 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "SCALZONE: ' MI FECE SCAPPARE DALL' ITALIA'". La Repubblica. 7 December 1994. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Tardi, Rachele (2009). Imagining Terrorism: The Rhetoric and Representation of Political Violence. 
  7. ^ "Terrorismo, reati prescritti Scalzone può rientrare in Italia". La Repubblica. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 

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