Organa (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crater characteristics
Ripley Crater in Color.jpg
Photo of Charon centered on Ripley Crater. Nostromo Chasma crosses Ripley vertically. Organa Crater is at 9:00, and Vader is the dark crater at 12:00
moonCharon
Coordinates55°N 50°W / 55°N 50°W / 55; -50Coordinates: 55°N 50°W / 55°N 50°W / 55; -50[1]
Diameter5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
DiscovererNew Horizons
EponymLeia Organa

Organa is the informal name given to a crater on Pluto's largest moon, Charon. The crater was discovered by NASA's New Horizons space probe on its flyby of Pluto. The name was chosen as a reference to Leia Organa from the Star Wars media franchise in the theme of naming Charon's craters after science fiction characters. Organa crater is rich in frozen ammonia, which suggests it was created very recently.[2] The location of Organa crater is in the northern Pluto-facing hemisphere of Charon.

Ammonia[edit]

A composite image showing the ammonia around Organa crater, in green.

Organa crater is the only known crater on Charon that contains abundant ammonia. The ammonia was detected using the New Horizons LEISA instrument, by observing an absorption of infrared light in the 2.22 μm band, which is associated with ammonia.[3]

The source of the ammonia has not been confirmed, but it is associated with the impact process that created Organa crater, perhaps by removing the overlaying layer of water of ice and regolith.[4] If this is confirmed, the detection could indicate that Charon has experienced cyrovolcanic activity, with ammonia as magma.[5] This interpretation is puzzling, since cryovolcanism isn't known to occur on such small bodies.[3] In this scenario, the ammonia may have precipitated from an atmosphere, or soaked the ground from a subsurface source, or diffused out of the existing tholin.[5]

An alternate explanation suggests the deposit of ammonia was delivered by the impactor that created Organa crater.[2] In either case, it is believed that Organa crater is the result of a recent impact, less than 10 million years ago.[3] The impact that created Organa crater may have been so recent that the ammonia hasn't yet been destroyed by radiation from space.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Global map of Charon". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Talbert, Tricia (29 October 2015). "The Youngest CraterThe Youngest Crater on Charon?". NASA. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Stern, S. Alan; Grundy, William; McKinnon, William B; Weaver, Harold A; Young, Leslie A (2017). "The Pluto System After New Horizons". arXiv:1712.05669 [astro-ph.EP].
  4. ^ Cruikshank, D. P. (Mar 21, 2016). "Pluto and Charon: Surface Colors and Compositions - A Hypothesis". 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b Kelley, Leonard. "The Secrets of Pluto's Moons, Including Charon, Styx, Hydra, Kerberos, and Nix". Owlcation. HubPages Inc. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  6. ^ Stockton, Nick. "Charon's Organa Crater Glows With the Force ... Er, Ammonia". WIRED. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 16 April 2018.