Orlov (crater)

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Orlov crater 1038 med.jpg
Coordinates25°42′S 175°00′W / 25.7°S 175.0°W / -25.7; -175.0Coordinates: 25°42′S 175°00′W / 25.7°S 175.0°W / -25.7; -175.0
Diameter81 km
Colongitude184° at sunrise
EponymAleksandr I. Orlov
Sergei V. Orlov

Orlov is a lunar impact crater. It is located on the Moon's far side, to the northeast of the larger crater Leeuwenhoek. To the north-northwest of Orlov is De Vries, and to the east-southeast is Rumford.

This crater lies between two larger satellite craters. Orlov Y is attached to the northern rim, and Leeuwenhoek E is connected along the southwest. The latter is also the location of an outward bulge in the rim of Orlov, giving it a wider interior wall along that side. There is some terracing along the eastern inner wall of Orlov. Orlov D, an oval-shaped crater, is attached to the outer rim along the northeast.

The interior floor of Orlov is relatively level with a central ridge formation located near the midpoint. There are some small craters along the extended inner wall to the southwest.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Orlov.

Orlov Latitude Longitude Diameter
D 24.8° S 173.4° W 27 km
Y 22.8° S 175.1° W 126 km
Oblique view of Orlov at left and Orlov Y at right, with Leeuwenhoek in left background. Facing southwest. Apollo 17 image.


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