Óscar Hahn

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Óscar Hahn
Entrega del Premio Iberoamericano de Poesía Pablo Neruda al poeta chileno Oscar Hahn.jpg
Chilean President awarding the Pablo Neruda Prize to Óscar Hahn (right), 12/07/11
Born Óscar Arturo Hahn Garcés
July 5, 1938
Iquique, Chile
Nationality Chilean
Occupation Writer and poet

Óscar Arturo Hahn Garcés (born 1938 in Iquique, Chile)[1] is a Chilean writer and poet, and a member of the literary generation of the 1960s. Hahn has won multiple distinguished awards, notably the Chilean National Prize for Literature and the Pablo Neruda Iberoamericano Prize.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Oscar Hahn is the son of Ralph Hahn Valdés and Enriqueta Garcés Sánchez. He lost his father at the young age of 4 years old on March 28, 1943. His first traces to poetry began in his adolescence in Rancagua, Chile. After falling in love during a childhood relationship, Hahn felt compelled to write his first poems. He received his primary and secondary education in Iquique, Chile at the Don Bosco Salesian College and the Lyceum of Men. Hahn later attended the University of Chile where he graduated as a professor of Spanish.

Career[edit]

In 1959, while at the University of Chile, he won the Student Federation of Chile's Prize in Poetry. In 1961, at only 22 years old, he won the Society of Chilean Writers' Alerce Prize for the work This Black Rose (Esta Rosa Negra).[2] In 1967 he won the Unique Prize of the First Contest in Northern Poetry of the University of Chile for the (then) regional seat of Antofagasta.[3]

He studied and set himself to the University of Chile's Curriculum in the Teaching of Literature while in residence at Arica.[4] In 1972 he was awarded the degree of Master of Arts by the University of Iowa, US[5] and was named a member of the International Writers' Program there.[6]

In 1972, when he returned to Chile, he took a job as Adjunct Professor at the University of Chile, Arica. In the next year, 1973, his life would change dramatically, due to political developments in his home country; on September 11 of that year, during the Chilean coup of 1973 he was detained by the newly installed military government of Augusto Pinochet, which had displaced the progressive government of the democratically elected leader Salvador Allende.[1] Hahn's book, Love's Disease was the only poetry book that was banned during the dictatorship.

Later interviewed about his experiences, Hahn remarked: "September 11 is a difficult date for me to forget, not only on account of the things that happened in the country at large but also because they took me prisoner, and they took me as a prisoner the very same night of September 11, which was deadly serious, since in that very moment they were just killing people without even asking them their names, just totally at random. It was a lottery, and I believe that I'm alive thanks to sheer chance, because there were people who were detained with me and they shot them dead; this could just as well happened to me."[7]

Hahn left Chile in 1974 to set down new roots in the USA.[8] He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by the University of Maryland College Park,[8] and between 1978 and 1988 he collaborated in the composition of the Handbook of Latin American Studies issued by the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. In 1988, Hahn then moved to Iowa City, Iowa and began teaching at The University of Iowa. In 2008 he decided to retire and moved back to Chile to focus more on his poetry.

He is a member of the Chilean Academy of Language,[9] and sat on the organizing committee for the Comités del V Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española (CILE).[10]

Works[edit]

  • This Black Rose, 1961.
  • Poetic Sum, 1965
  • Final Water, 1967.
  • Art of Dying, 1977.
  • The Spanish-American Fantasy Story in the 19th Century, 1978.
  • Love's Disease, 1981.
  • Nuclear Images, 1983.
  • Text on Text, 1984.
  • Flower of the Enamored, 1987.
  • Fixed Stars in a White Sky, 1988.
  • Treaty of Sorceries, 1992.
  • Stolen Verses, 1995.
  • Virtual Anthology, 1996.
  • Vicente Huidobro, or the Celestial Attack, 1998.
  • The Founders of the Spanish-American Fantasy Tale, 1998.
  • Love Poems, 2001.
  • Magic of Writing, 2001.
  • Profane Appearances, 2001.
  • Selected Works, 2003.
  • In the Blink of an Eye, 2006
  • Poetic Work, 2006
  • Penalty of Life, 2008
  • Ashes in Love, 2009.
  • The First Darkness, 2011

Awards[edit]

  • Premio Poesía de la Federación de Estudiantes de Chile, 1959
  • Premio Alerce, 1961
  • Premio Único del Primer Certamen Zonal de Poesía Nortina, 1967
  • Premio Altazor de Poesía, 2003
  • Finalista del Premio Altazor de Poesía, 2004
  • Hijo Ilustre de Iquique, 2005
  • Consejero Perpetuo de la Casa de los Poetas de Sevilla, 2006
  • Premio Casa de América de Poesía Americana, 2006
  • Premio Premio de Poesía José Lezama Lima, 2008
  • Finalista del Premio Altazor de Poesía, 2009
  • Premio Iberoamericano de Poesía Pablo Neruda, 2011
  • Premio Altazor de Poesía, 2012
  • Premio Nacional de Literatura, 2012
  • Premio de Poesía Fundación Loewe, 2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Casasús, Mario (April 18, 2006). "Cruzo la frontera del amor para llegar a la muerte, y la de la muerte para llegar al amor" (in Spanish). La Ventana. 
  2. ^ Rojas, Daniel (April 13, 2008). "Semblanzas Profundas: Óscar Hahn" (in Spanish). El Morro Cotudo. 
  3. ^ "José Morales Salazar: Poeta de la Tierra y del Hombre" (in Spanish). El Nortero. October 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Poeta Oscar Hahn ofrece un curso gratuito en Las Condes" (in Spanish). La Segunda. June 2, 2006. 
  5. ^ "Chilean poet in residence". Gettysburg Times. October 22, 1977. p. 6. 
  6. ^ "IWP alumni Oscar Hahn wins premio del consejo nacional del libro prize". University of Iowa. August 9, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Oscar Hahn y 1973: estoy vivo gracias al azar" (in Spanish). Educar Chile. 
  8. ^ a b Eva Goldschmidt Wyman, ed. (2002). Los poetas y el general: voces de oposición en Chile bajo Augusto Pinochet. LOM Ediciones. p. 470. ISBN 956-282-491-8. 
  9. ^ "Nomina de Miembros". Academia Chilena de la Lengua. 
  10. ^ "Organización: Comités del V Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española (CILE)".