Osmoderma eremita

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Osmoderma eremita
Osmoderma eremita female.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Scarabaeidae
Genus: Osmoderma
Species: O. eremita
Binomial name
Osmoderma eremita

Osmoderma eremita, the hermit beetle or Russian leather beetle,[2] is a species of European beetle in the family Scarabaeidae. Adults reach between 28 and 32 mm in length.[3]

The larvae develop in hollow trees. Oak is the most important tree species, but the larvae may develop in any tree species with suitable hollows.[2] Due to habitat loss and fragmentation, the species has decreased all over its distribution range. For that reason the species is protected in most European countries, and has been given the highest priority according to the EU's Habitats Directive.[2] O. eremita can be found everywhere in Europe, except for The United Kingdom, Iceland, Ireland, Malta, Portugal, and San Marino.[4]


Trained conservation detection dogs are being used in monitoring larvae in Italy.[5]


  1. ^ Nieto A.; et al. (2010). "Osmoderma eremita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  2. ^ a b c "Hermit beetle (Osmoderma eremita)". ARKive. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.catedu.es/arablogs/blog.php?id_blog=1556&id_articulo=79542
  4. ^ "Osmoderma eremita (Scopoli, 1763)". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  5. ^ Mosconi, Fabio; Campanaro, Alessandro; Carpaneto, Giuseppe Maria; Chiari, Stefano; Hardersen, Sönke; Mancini, Emiliano; Maurizi, Emanuela; Sabatelli, Simone; Zauli, Agnese; Mason, Franco; Audisio, Paolo (2017). "Training of a dog for the monitoring of Osmoderma eremita". Nature Conservation. Pensoft. 20: 237–264. ISSN 1314-3301. Retrieved 28 August 2017.

See also[edit]

http://eol.org/data_objects/21357274 Encyclopedia of Life, Osmoderma eremita distribution.