Osselle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Osselle
Osselle is located in France
Osselle
Osselle
Coordinates: 47°08′37″N 5°51′25″E / 47.1436°N 5.8569°E / 47.1436; 5.8569Coordinates: 47°08′37″N 5°51′25″E / 47.1436°N 5.8569°E / 47.1436; 5.8569
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Doubs
Arrondissement Besançon
Canton Boussières
Intercommunality Grand Besançon
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Lartot
Area1 7.68 km2 (2.97 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 424
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 25438 /25320
Elevation 214–384 m (702–1,260 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Osselle is a former commune in the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune Osselle-Routelle.[1] It is about 15 km from Besançon and 70 km from Dijon.

The commune is the site of a set of caves, the entrance to which is near the river Doubs, though the caves themselves extend into the neighboring department of Jura.

The caves were discovered in the 13th Century, and have been visited since 1504. In 1751 the Intendant of Franche-Comté, Jean-Louis Moreau de Beaumont, had a bridge built over the underground river. During the French Revolution the caves provided a refuge for fugitive priests and there is a clay altar that dates to that time.

The cave complex consists of some eight kilometers, of which 15 galleries covering a distance of 1.3 kilometers, are currently visitable over flat cement paths. Most of the rooms have stalactites and stalagmites, but there is an area where the ground is less porous to water infiltration and which therefore is dry. The dry area was the venue for feasts in the 18th Century, feasts in which the philosopher Voltaire is believed to have participated.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 186 —    
1968 191 +2.7%
1975 204 +6.8%
1982 223 +9.3%
1990 354 +58.7%
1999 349 −1.4%
2008 380 +8.9%
2012 424 +11.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 21 December 2015 (French)