Our Sister Killjoy

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Our Sister Killjoy: or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint is the debut novel of Ghanaian author Ama Ata Aidoo, first published by Longman in 1977.[1][2] It has been called "a witty, experimental work whose main point is a stylish dismissal of characteristic attitudes of both the white world and the black middle class."[3] It was described by one reviewer as "a strikingly unusual and pertinent commentary on the African encounter with the West, on European soil.... Without being a conventional narrative or biography, it is a text that uses the framework of an account of a state-sponsored visit to Germany by a young Ghanaian woman (the 'Sister' of the title, usually addressed as 'Sissie') to analyse what Europe is and does to those Africans whom it 'sponsors' and educates."[4]

Summary[edit]

Our Sister Killjoy is about a young African woman named Sissie who goes to Europe to "better" herself (with European education) as described by her African counterparts. The novel revolves around themes of black diaspora and colonialism, in particular colonization of the mind. Sissie observes the other Africans who have emigrated (also for education and the desire for a better life in Europe) and sees them as "sell-outs" who have forgotten their culture and their motherland.[5] Aidoo touches on the effects of post-colonialism and how the traditions and thoughts of the colonizer are instilled into the minds of the colonized. Sissie in the novel represents the need to have a connection to one's past.

Aidoo is critical of Africans' adulation of Europeans. The first thing Sissie notices upon going into the town in Germany are shiny and glittery material possessions. Aidoo critiques the way some Africans buy into the notion of white superiority, by turning to Europe when they are looking for the "best," whether in education or material possessions. The orientation toward Europe and the investment in whiteness begins in Africa and continues and is reinforced when Africans migrate to Europe. After colonialism, places such as Ghana and Nigeria are left with European institutions and frameworks and they continue to operate within them post-independence. Aidoo positions "Our Sister" as a radical to stand in strong opposition to those black people whose minds do not seem to be filled with thoughts of their own, such as Sammy, the first black person we are introduced to other than Our Sister.

While in Germany Sissie befriends Marija. Although speaking different languages, they build a strong understanding. As Sissie's time in Germany nears an end, Marija makes a pass at her. Sissie has mixed emotions, never having been attracted to a woman before, and it makes her think deeply on same-gendered relationships. Later in the novel, Sissie goes to England and is surprised at the number of Africans she sees. She is shocked at their "wretched living conditions"; they live in basement flats and wear ugly, worn-in clothing. Sissie is shocked at the women who, had they been in Africa, would have worn the most beautiful, luxurious clothing, and have now ruined their own beauty. Sissie describes their position in England as "running very fast just to remain where they are".[6]

Themes[edit]

Sexuality - Sissie explores her sexuality by kissing Marija while in Marija’s home on one of her last nights in Germany. She often thinks about if she was the opposite gender her and Marija could be together.

Nationalism - Sissie isn’t pleased with European civilization, she prefers to live the way she lived in Ghana. She thinks European culture is strange compared to her own. She complains about the food, weather, clothing etc.

Unaccustomed – Sissie got an scholarship to study abroad in Germany, she got her Visa within weeks, 3 months before she was supposed to leave so she wasn’t as culturally prepared for Europe as she would have been if she waited the 3 months to go. She complains about the food stating that Europeans prefer their food ice cold, whereas in Ghana everybody prefers hot foods.

Love – Sissie clearly has a deep love for her home country, she doesn’t understand why people get an education abroad and don’t return home to better their countries. In the novel, she tries to convince two other Ghanaian students to return home like she is but they seem to already be accustomed by European lifestyles.

Guilt- The international students, going home to Africa and telling their peers of their travels to Europe lying that Europe is such a great place, but in reality, it is much different from Africa and would be a complete culture shock for anybody.

Brain-drain[7]—Sissie believes that Ghana will become a brain drain country if the citizens that are going abroad to get a better education don't return home to Ghana because there will be a shortage of in demand professions such as doctors, teachers, engineers, etc.

Structure[edit]

The book is split into three different sections and, in its form, the novel switches between two voices: verse and prose. Some portions of the book are structured as poetic verse. These sections sometimes suddenly interrupt the prose sections; in one way, this draws out the plot more slowly, but it also allows the reader to gain a sense of Sissie's inner thoughts and the main themes of the book. The verses tend to have an angry tone, are more retrospective, and generally serve to fill in the gaps and comment on the themes of colonialism and diaspora. The parts to the book that are in prose are used in a more standard way to give basic information about the characters and the plot. Switching unexpectedly between the two voices also creates a sense of tension that reflects the tension Sissie feels during her time in Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anita Kern, "Ama Ata Aidoo. Our sister killjoy. London: Longman, 1977" (review), World Literature Written in English, Volume 17, 1978 - Issue 1, pp. 55–57; via Taylor & Francis Online.
  2. ^ "AMA ATA AIDOO: ONE OF THE AFRICA`S OLDEST BEST AUTHOR, FEMINIST, ACADEMICIAN, AN INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED LITERARY GIANT AND INTELLECTUAL GHANAIAN FIGURE". kwekudee-tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  3. ^ Faith Pullin, British Book News; quoted in Hans M. Zell, Carol Bundy & Virginia Coulon (eds), A New Reader's Guide to African Literature, Heinemann Educational Books, 1983, p. 128.
  4. ^ Annie Gagiano, "Our Sister Killjoy" (review), LitNet.
  5. ^ "Our Sister Killjoy: Characterizing Immigration/Emigration". www.postcolonialweb.org. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  6. ^ Aidoo, Ama Ata. Our Sister Killjoy: Or, Reflections from a Black-Eyed Squint. London: Longman, 1988, p. 89.
  7. ^ "Definition of BRAIN DRAIN". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-11-15.

Further reading[edit]

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